Article

Maternal childhood abuse and offspring adjustment over time. Dev Psychopathol

MRC Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK.
Development and Psychopathology (Impact Factor: 4.89). 02/2007; 19(2):367-83. DOI: 10.1017/S0954579407070186
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study addressed the basis for the intergenerational transmission of psychosocial risk associated with maternal childhood abuse in relation to offspring adjustment. The study tested how far group differences in individual change in adjustment over time were explained by differences in exposure to specific environmental risk experiences. Data are drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Information on mothers' own experience of childhood abuse, offspring adjustment at ages 4 and 7 years, and hypothesized mediators was available for 5,619 families. A residuals scores analysis was used to track children's adjustment over time. Maternal childhood abuse was associated with poorer behavioral trajectories between ages 4 and 7 years. Children of abused mothers were more likely to experience a range of negative life events between ages 4 and 7 years, including changes in family composition, separations from parents, "shocks and frights" and physical assaults. Interim life events, together with antecedent psychosocial risk (maternal antenatal affective symptoms, age 4 parental hostility, age 4 family type) fully mediated the association between maternal childhood abuse and offspring prognosis.The authors express their gratitude to the families who participated in the study. Support for these analyses was provided by a grant from the Medical Research Council. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is part of the World Health Organisation initiated European Study of Pregnancy and Childhood, and is supported, among others, by the Wellcome Trust, The Department of Health, The Department of the Environment, and the Medical Research Council. The ALSPAC study team comprises interviewers, computer technicians, laboratory technicians, clerical workers, research scientists, volunteers, and managers who continue to make the study possible.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Stephan Collishaw, Oct 31, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
87 Views
  • Source
    • "This is particularly important as impaired mother-to-infant bonding may be a crucial early mechanism by which maternal abuse and neglect history may lead to disturbed parenting practice, which in turn, may lay the foundation for adverse child outcomes. Such adverse child outcomes including increased vulnerability to negative life events and poor behavioral trajectories from 4 to 7 years of age (Collishaw et al. 2007; Miranda et al. 2011), have been reported in offspring of mothers with childhood maltreatment histories; thus, elucidation of early predictors for such adverse outcomes may guide preventive practice. With the goals of closing these gaps in the extant literature and enhancing our current understanding of the effects of childhood maltreatment on perinatal psychopathology and mother–infant bonding, our group has recently investigated the associations between child abuse and neglect histories with peripartum depression and PTSD and possible effects on maternal bonding at 6 weeks postpartum using the PBQ (Seng et al. 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to examine the trajectory of bonding impairment across the first 6 months postpartum in the context of maternal risk, including maternal history of childhood abuse and neglect and postpartum psychopathology, and to test the association between self-reported bonding impairment and observed positive parenting behaviors. In a sample of women with childhood abuse and neglect histories (CA+, n = 97) and a healthy control comparison group (CA-, n = 53), participants completed questionnaires related to bonding with their infants at 6 weeks, 4 months, and 6 months postpartum and psychopathology at 6 months postpartum. In addition, during a 6-month postpartum home visit, mothers and infants participated in a dyadic play interaction subsequently coded for positive parenting behaviors by blinded coders. We found that all women, independent of risk status, increased in bonding with their infant over the first 6 months postpartum; however, women with postpartum psychopathology (depression and posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) showed consistently greater bonding impairment scores at all timepoints. Moreover, we found that, at the 6-month assessment, bonding impairment and observed parenting behaviors were significantly associated. These results highlight the adverse effects of maternal postpartum depression and PTSD on mother-infant bonding in early postpartum in women with child abuse and neglect histories. These findings also shed light on the critical need for early detection and effective treatment of postpartum mental illness in order to prevent problematic parenting and the development of disturbed mother-infant relationships. Results support the use of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire as a tool to assess parenting quality by its demonstrated association with observed parenting behaviors.
    Archives of Women s Mental Health 10/2012; 16(1). DOI:10.1007/s00737-012-0312-0 · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Depression also affects men during the postnatal period and in later child-rearing years (Goodman, 2004), but the effects of paternal psychiatric disorder on children’s development are under-studied (Kane & Garber, 2004), particularly during the early years of infant and early child development. In part this may be due to an underestimation of the impact of paternal influence on early child development (Cabrera, Tamis-LeMonda, Bradley, Hofferth, & Lamb, 2000; Lamb & Lewis, 2004), but it may also be because of the challenges of including men in child development research (Cassano, Adrian, Veits, & Zeman, 2006). Nevertheless, studies do demonstrate that psychiatric disorders affecting men in the perinatal period may predict disorder in their offspring. Specifically, depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with increased rates of subsequent behavioural problems in their children (Carro, Grant, Gotlib, & Compas, 1993; Ramchandani, Stein, Evans, & O’Connor, 2005; Ramchandani et al., 2008); associations appear stronger for boys, but this has not been confirmed. As in the case of maternal depression, there remains some uncertainty as to the mechanisms involved. In particular, the experience of exposure to an adverse psychosocial environment created by a depressed parent is typically confounded by exposure to genetic risk – a point repeatedly made by behavioural geneticists (Plomin, 1995). The aim of the current paper is to use a novel natural experiment that capitalises on a pre- postnatal design using fathers, to test the hypothesis that exposure to psychosocial factors can account for the link between paternal depression and children’s behavioural problems.
    Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 11/2008; 49(10):1069-78. DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.02000.x · 5.67 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors investigated whether adversity in a female, before she conceives, will influence the affective and social behavior of her progeny. Virgin female rats were either undisturbed (controls) or exposed to varied, unpredictable, stressors for 7 days (preconceptual stress [PCS]) and then either mated immediately after the end of the stress (PCS0) or 2 weeks after the stress ended (PCS2). Their offspring were raised undisturbed until tested in adulthood. PCS offspring showed reduced social interaction; in the acoustic startle test, PCS males were less fearful, whereas PCS females were more fearful; in the shuttle task, PCS0 males avoided shock better; and in the elevated maze, PCS0 females were more active and anxious. The 2-week interval between stress and mating assuaged the effects on offspring activity and shock avoidance but not the changes in social behavior and fear in male and female offspring. Hence, PCS to the dam, even well before pregnancy, influences affective and social behavior in her adult offspring, depending on how long before conception it occurred, the behavior tested, and sex. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).
    Developmental Psychology 02/2009; 45(1):9-16. DOI:10.1037/a0014030 · 3.21 Impact Factor
Show more