Article

Accelerated and safe expansion of human mesenchymal stromal cells in animal serum-free medium for transplantation and regenerative medicine

Clinic for Stem Cell Transplantation, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
Journal of Cellular Physiology (Impact Factor: 3.87). 10/2007; 213(1):18-26. DOI: 10.1002/jcp.21081
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) are currently investigated for a variety of therapeutic applications. However, most expansion protocols still use fetal calf serum (FCS) as growth factor supplement which is a potential source of undesired xenogeneic pathogens. We established an expansion protocol for hMSC based on the use of GMP-produced basic medium LP02 supplemented with 5% of platelet lysate (PL) obtained from human thrombocyte concentrates. Compared to FCS-supplemented culture conditions, we found a significant increase in both colony forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) as well as cumulative cell numbers after expansion. This accelerated growth is optimized by pooling of at least 10 thrombocyte concentrates. A minimal requirement is the use of 5% of PL with an optimal platelet concentration of 1.5 x 10(9)/ml, and centrifugation of thawed lysate at high speed. Cells expanded by this protocol meet all criteria for mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), e.g. plastic adherence, spindle-shaped morphology, surface marker expression, lack of hematopoietic markers, and differentiation capability into three mesenchymal lineages. MSC at passage 6 were cytogenetically normal and retained their immune-privileged potential by suppressing allogeneic reaction of T-cells. Additionally, gene expression profiles show increased mRNA levels of genes involved in cell cycle and DNA replication and downregulation of developmental and differentiation genes, supporting the observation of increased MSC-expansion in PL-supplemented medium. In summary, we have established a GMP-compatible protocol for safe and accelerated expansion of hMSC to be used in cell and tissue therapy.

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