Radiological and functional changes over 3 years in young children with cystic fibrosis.
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to evaluate airway disease progression assessed by chest radiology, expiratory interrupter resistance (Rint,exp) and spirometry in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) over a 3-yr period. Two chest radiographs combined with two R(int,exp) measurements were performed with a 3-yr interval in 21 preschool children (age (mean+/-sd) 3.2+/-0.9 yrs) and 30 schoolchildren with CF (age 7.2+/-1.9 yrs). Chest radiographs were scored using five different CF scoring systems and Rint,exp measurements were expressed as height-adjusted Z-scores. Spirometry was assessed in schoolchildren and the results were expressed as a percentage of predicted values. Chest radiograph scores worsened significantly over the 3-yr period and a tendency towards more pronounced changes was observed, especially for the Wisconsin score, in preschool children. Most preschool and schoolchildren had Rint,exp Z-scores within the normal range at start and follow-up, and the annual change in Rint,exp Z-score was not significant. In schoolchildren, only the forced expiratory volume in one second as a percentage of forced vital capacity declined significantly during the study period. In summary, in young children with cystic fibrosis, chest radiograph scores worsen significantly over time even while lung function remains stable.
Article: Modified Chrispin-Norman chest radiography score for cystic fibrosis: observer agreement and correlation with lung function.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To test observer agreement and two strategies for possible improvement (consensus meeting and reference images) for the modified Chrispin-Norman score for children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Before and after a consensus meeting and after developing reference images three observers scored sets of 25 chest radiographs from children with CF. Observer agreement was tested for line, ring, mottled and large soft shadows, for overinflation and for the composite modified Chrispin-Norman score. Correlation with lung function was assessed. Before the consensus meeting agreement between observers 1 and 2 was moderate-good, but with observer 3 agreement was poor-fair. Scores correlated significantly with spirometry for observers 1 and 2 (-0.72<R<-0.42, P < 0.05), but not for observer 3. Agreement with observer 3 improved after the consensus meeting. Reference images improved agreement for overinflation and mottled and large shadows and correlation with lung function, but agreement for the modified Chrispin-Norman score did not improve further. Consensus meetings and reference images improve among-observer agreement for the modified Chrispin-Norman score, but good agreement was not achieved among all observers for the modified Chrispin-Norman score and for bronchial line and ring shadows.European Radiology 10/2010; 21(4):722-9. · 3.22 Impact Factor