alpha-fetoprotein and interleukin-18 gene-modified dendritic cells effectively stimulate specific type-1 CD4- and CD8-mediated T-Cell response from hepatocellular carcinoma patients in Vitro.
ABSTRACT The T-helper 1 (Th1) immune reaction is most important in dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy. Interleukin (IL)-18, a Th1-biasing cytokine, plays a pivotal role in inducing cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. In this study, we analyzed whether dendritic cells (DCs) from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be transduced with the IL-18 gene and/or alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene, and we examined whether vaccinations using these genetically engineered DC can induce stronger therapeutic antitumor immunity. The results showed that DC transfected with AdIL-18/AFP can expressed IL-18 and AFP by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunoassay. Compared with those before transfection, the expressions of membrane molecules were increased dramatically. Specific T cells generated by DC transfected with AdIL-18/AFP recognized HLA-matched HepG2 cell lines specifically. Most importantly, The cytotoxic activity of CTLs against HepG2 with DC expressing AFP(AFP-DC) was significantly augmented by co-transduction with the IL-18 gene. Administration with such vaccine also significantly increased the production of interleukin-12p70 and interferon-gamma. These results indicate that a vaccination therapy using DC co-transduced with the TAA gene and IL-18 genes is effective strategy for immunotherapy in terms of the activation of DCs, CD4+ T, cells and CD8+ T cells, and may be useful in the clinical application of a cancer vaccine therapy.
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ABSTRACT: ObjectiveTo determine serum interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels and their clinical significance in patients with prostate cancer. MethodsPeripheral blood samples were obtained from 38 nonmetastatic and 18 metastatic prostate cancer patients who underwent curative surgery and from 25 healthy volunteers. The serum IL-18 level was determined in each sample with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ResultsThe levels of serum IL-18 were increased significantly in prostate cancer patients compared with control subjects (P < 0.05). Serum IL-18 levels were significantly higher in the metastatic patients compared with the nonmetastatic patients (P < 0.01). Patients with bone metastasis had higher serum IL-18 levels compared with patients with liver and lung metastasis (P < 0.01). When the patients were subdivided into groups, it was found that the serum IL-18 levels in patients with T2, T3 and T4 stage were significantly higher than that of T1 stage patients (P < 0.01). Patients with IL-18 levels ≥ 316 pg/ml experienced a significantly lower survival rate compared with the patients who had IL-18 levels < 316 pg/mL after undergoing surgery (P < 0.05). The serum IL-18 level was identified as an independent postoperative prognostic factor in multivariate survival analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model (hazard ratio, 4.21; P = 0.02). ConclusionThe serum IL-18 level may be a useful marker in monitoring prostate cancer patients. IL-18 activity in prostate cancer patients with bone metastasis may be more valuable in the follow-up.The Chinese-German Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2007; 6(6):574-578.
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ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers afflicting men today. Prostate biopsy, an invasive procedure is generally used for diagnoses but attempts are being made to find accurate and precise non-invasive biomarkers. Diagnostic accuracy of prostate specific antigen (PSA) has been well documented. Serum interleukin-18 (IL-18) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) have shown their diagnostic ability in other cancers but not investigated well in prostate cancer. This study, thus determines the diagnostic and prognostic significance of PSA, IL-18 and IL-10 prospectively in patients with carcinoma prostate. A total of 149 patients, aged 40-84 yrs were investigated during April 2007 to July 2010 and recruited for this study after Institutional ethical approval. Of the total of 149 patients, 71 had biopsy proven prostate cancers (TNM stage: T2=17, T3=26 and T4=28) and 78 clinical benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Peripheral blood samples of all patients and 71 age matched control subjects were obtained at baseline and estimation of PSA, IL-18 and IL-10 was done by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Carcinoma prostate patients were followed for three years. Data were analyzed with ANOVA, ROC curve analysis and survival analysis. The baseline levels of PSA, IL-18 and IL-10 in all groups of carcinoma prostate were found to be significantly (p<0.01) higher than both Control and BPH. The levels of IL-18 and IL-10 also found to be elevated significantly in stage T3 (p<0.05) and T4 (p<0.01) as compared to stage T2. The levels especially of IL-18 is found to be well associated with progression of the disease of various groups (r=0.84, p<0.01). In contrast, IL-10 showed significant direct association with progression of carcinoma (r=0.84, p<0.01) while inverse relation with survival duration (r=-0.48, p<0.01) and survival rate (χ2=8.98, p=0.0027; Hazard ratio=0.37, 95% CI=0.18-0.69). Study concluded that serum IL-18 has potential to be a better diagnostic marker with higher specificity and sensitivity and IL-10 may be valuable as a prognostic marker than PSA in carcinoma prostate.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2011; 12(7):1843-8. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are highly efficient, specialized antigen-presenting cells and DCs transfected with tumor-related antigens are regarded as promising vaccines in cancer immunotherapy. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether DCs co-transfected with the α-fetoprotein (AFP) and human interleukin-2 (IL-2) genes were able to induce stronger therapeutic antitumor immunity in transfected DCs. In this study, DCs from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients were co-transfected with the IL-2 gene and/or the AFP gene. The reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) data revealed that the DCs transfected with the adenovirus AdAFP/IL-2 expressed AFP and IL-2. The DCs co-transfected with IL-2 and AFP (AFP/IL-2-DCs) enhanced the cytotoxicities of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and increased the production of IL-2 and interferon-γ significantly compared with their AFP-DC, green fluorescent protein (GFP)-DC, DC or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) counterparts. In vivo data suggested that immunization with AFP-DCs enhances antigen-specific antitumor efficacy more potently than immunization with IL-2-DCs or AFP-DCs. These findings provide a potential strategy to improve the efficacy of DC-based tumor vaccines.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 10/2012; 4(4):655-660. · 0.34 Impact Factor