Comparison of GC-MS and LC-MS methods for the analysis of antioxidant phenolic acids in herbs.
ABSTRACT Two methods were developed for the quantitative analysis of phenolic acids in herb extracts. The methods were based on liquid chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOFMS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The methods were compared in terms of their linearity, repeatability, selectivity, sensitivity and the speed of the analysis. The sensitivity was good for both methods, with limits of detection of <80 ng/ml for most of the compounds. The relative standard deviations (RSD) of the peak areas were on average 7.2% for the LC-TOFMS method and 1.4% for the GC-MS method. Both methods were found to be suitable for the determination of the target analytes, although GC-MS was better suited to the quantitative determination of compounds present at low concentrations.
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ABSTRACT: Herbs and spices have been used for both culinary and medicinal purposes for centuries. Over the last decade, research into their role as contributors of dietary polyphenols, known to possess a number of properties associated with reducing the risk of developing chronic non-communicable diseases, has increased. However, bearing in mind how these foods are consumed, normally in small quantities and in combination with other foods, it is unclear what their true benefit is from a health perspective. The aim of this review is to use the literature to discuss how preparative and digestive processes, bioavailability and interactions between foods may influence the bioactive properties of these foods, and whether or not polyphenols are responsible for these properties. Furthermore, this review aims to highlight the challenges that need to be addressed so as to determine the true benefits of these foods and the mechanisms of action that underpin their purported efficacy.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 10/2014; 15:19183-19202. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of the paper was to investigate the chemical composition of Inula helenium roots extracts and to evaluate the antioxidant potential conferred by the chemical constituents. GC/MS and HPLC/MS techniques were used to characterize two extracts separated from Inula helenium roots by extraction with chloroform and ethyl acetate, respectively. Volatile compounds have been identified by GC from their mass spectra and retention time values, while HPLC identification of phenolic compounds was realized by comparing their retention times, UV and MS spectra with those of standards or literature data. Measurements of antioxidant activity of Inula helenium root extracts showed a variation between them, which can be correlated with the flavonoid and total phenolic contents. Both Inula helenium root extracts contain phenolic acids (caffeic, chlorogenic, dicaffeoyl quinic, hydroxibenzoic), terpenes (alantolactone) and different flavonoids (epicatechin, catechin gallate, ferulic acid-4-O-glucoside, dihydroquercetin pentosyl rutinoside, kaempherol-7-O-dipentoside, quercetin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside). In addition, the study provides preliminary data on the anti-inflammatory activity of Inula helenium root extracts, this being evaluated using the fresh egg albumin as phlogistic agent, and aspirin as reference compound. Root extracts of I. helenium did not exert any significant anti-inflammatory effect on egg albumin-induced rat paw edema.Central European Journal of Chemistry 01/2013; 11(10):1699-1709. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The stability of trans-rosmarinic acid (trans-RA, an important phenolic compound with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral properties) exposed to different stress conditions (daylight, higher temperatures, different solvents, and humidity) was investigated. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to analyse the degraded samples, and structural identification of degradation products was assigned based upon MS fragmentation pattern. The GC-MS method was validated in terms of linearity, precision as repeatability, accuracy, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantitation (LOQ) and recovery. The stability experiments were performed on pure trans-RA and on trans-RA present in commercially available rosemary extract. The cis-isomer of RA was the only degradation product. The results showed that trans-RA was readily isomerized into its cis-form within a few hours when dissolved in ethanol, methanol or tetrahydrofuran, and exposed to darkness or daylight at different temperatures. Isomerization took place to a greater extent in protic than in aprotic solvents. Trans-RA in the solid state was found to be stable for up to three months under all tested conditions. The described GC-MS method was also applied to the determination of trans-RA in eight different species of Lamiaceae family.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 07/2011; 55(5):1010-6. · 2.45 Impact Factor