Lifetime and 12-Month Prevalence of DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders Among Korean Adults

Department of Psychiatry, Inha University, Chemulpo, Incheon, South Korea
Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease (Impact Factor: 1.69). 04/2007; 195(3):203-10. DOI: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000243826.40732.45
Source: PubMed


The objective was to estimate the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders in a nationwide sample of Korean adults. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with the Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1/DSM-IV (N = 6275, response rate 79.8%). The lifetime and 12-month prevalences for all types of DSM-IV disorders were 33.5% and 20.6%, respectively. Those of specific disorders were as follows: 17.2% and 7.1% for alcohol use disorder, 11.2% and 7.4% for nicotine use disorder, 5.2% and 4.2% for specific phobia, 4.3% and 1.7% for major depressive disorder, and 2.3% and 1.0% for generalized anxiety disorder. Among the sociodemographic variables, widowed status, higher income, and rural residence were the risk factors for both lifetime major depressive disorder and alcohol use disorder after controlling for gender, age, and education. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was higher than those observed in other East-Asian countries and most European countries, but lower than that in the United States. Alcohol use disorder was particularly high in Korea.

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    • "d ED is defined as the sum of AN and BN in four studies,[19],[25]–[27],[31],[32] as the sum of AN,BN and other atypical eating disorders in three studies,[20],[33],[36] and is not clearly defined on one study[34] "
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    Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry 08/2013; 25(4):212-23. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0829.2013.04.003
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    • "One-year prevalence estimates for major depressive disorder were 1.7% in 2001 and 2.5% in 2006. For dysthymia, the 1-yr prevalence was 0.3% and 0.4% in 2001 and 2006, respectively (3, 4). These studies used the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; 5), so the results can be directly compared with the results from the National Comorbidity Study in the United States or the World Mental Health Survey. "
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    • "Culturally variable response styles among ethnic groups may be responsible for the difference (14, 15). Since we recorded a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms than previous studies using the same self-report scale (6, 16, 17) and a similar prevalence of definite depression to those of previous studies using fully structured interviews (4, 5), our findings raise the possibility that there has been a change of style of response to questionnaires for depression among Koreans over the last two decades. Increased awareness of depression and westernizing influences may have contributed to such a change. "
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