How employment helps victims of intimate partner violence: A qualitative study

Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 05/2007; 12(2):136-43. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.12.2.136
Source: PubMed


This exploratory, qualitative study documents ways in which being employed is helpful to victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors conducted in-depth interviews with 21 women employed by a large health care organization in a major U.S. city. Through content analysis, the authors identified six ways in which employment was helpful to participants: by (1) improving their finances, (2) promoting physical safety, (3) increasing self-esteem, (4) improving social connectedness, (5) providing mental respite, and (6) providing motivation or a "purpose in life." Findings suggest that employment can play a critically important, positive role in the lives of IPV victims. The importance of flexible leave-time policies and employer assistance to IPV victims is discussed.

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    • "Additionally, IPV often erodes women's self-efficacy and confidence leading them to question their abilities to be successful. " Employment not only increases a woman's financial well-being but it can also increase her social capital and social networks " (Gibson-Davis et al. 2005, p. 1152) with added gains in " mental respite " and " purpose in life " (Rothman et al. 2007, p. 140). However, an unstable work history, combined with pervasive health problems after leaving , can interfere with women's ability to benefit from employment (Walker et al. 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: A community-based research (CBR) study was carried out with single mothers who had left abusive relationships in order to better understand their experiences of finding a sustainable livelihood after experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). Using the photovoice method and guided by the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) framework, participants took photographs representing their experiences of violence through their transition to single motherhood and beyond. The findings reported through their photos and stories reveal an often long and arduous journey amidst the complexity of single parenting and the effects of violence. As with many people living on a low income, they incorporated creative strategies to survive and enhance their own and their children’s quality of life. Important areas for change are suggested through aspects of the SL framework and primary prevention.
    Journal of Family Violence 05/2015; 30(4):403-417. DOI:10.1007/s10896-015-9686-x · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    • "Existen muy pocos estudios sobre cómo afecta la violencia en la sostenibilidad de los negocios de las mujeres; por el contrario, toda la atención se ha centrado en promover el emprendimiento de la mujer como una oportunidad de terminar con la violencia, al obtener independencia económica. En efecto, estudios internacionales han tratado de estimar el impacto del empoderamiento económico en la violencia contra la mujer (Pronyk et al. 2008; Pronyk et al. 2006; Mayoux & Hartl, 2009; Alemu & Asnake, 2009; Rothman et al, 2007). Estos se enfocan en las mujeres que recurrieron al micro-emprendimiento o empoderamiento financiero como una solución para detener la violencia del cual fueron víctimas (Mayoux & Hartl, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: Using the National Survey of Family Relations and Domestic Violence against Women, with a representative sample of 3324 women, this research determines the levels of intimate partner violence against women micro-entrepreneurs in Ecuador and estimates the opportunity cost and out of pocket expenses as a result of this violence. 51.1% of women who are self-employed or are patrons, have been victims of some kind of violence by their current or former partner, of which 54.1% had suffered physical damage and 84.5% had suffered emotional harm As a result of the damage suffered, 86.4% have ceased to earn incomes due to working days left, losing an average of 54 days per year and $ 371 (19.6% of the average annual salary). Out of Pocket expenses resulting from violence, represent an annual expenditure of 185.3 dollars per woman. The average decapitalization rate is 36.39%.
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    • "Productivity is affected by tardiness, absences, diminished work performance and employee turnover (Franzway, 2008; Patel & Taylor, 2011; O'Leary, Lean, Reeves & Randel, 2009; Henderson, 2000; Yodanis, Godenzi & Stanko, 2000). Between 60% and 70% of abused women had difficulties in their work performance and have received sanctions or reprimands at work (Brown, 2008; Soroptimist International of the Americas, 2011; Swanberg et al, 2005; Potter & Banyard, 2011), even between 21% and 60% of female workers lose their jobs for reasons related to VAW (cited by Rothman et al, 2007). Studies show that victims of VAW are twice as likely to be fired (Lisboa et al, 2008) besides, they suffer more consequences with their family and 54% at professional level (Lisboa, Barros and Cerejo, 2008, Franzway, 2008; Tolman, 2011; Adams, 2009). "

    CLADEA 2013; 01/2013
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