Article

How employment helps female victims of intimate partner violence: A qualitative study

Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.07). 05/2007; 12(2):136-43. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.12.2.136
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This exploratory, qualitative study documents ways in which being employed is helpful to victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors conducted in-depth interviews with 21 women employed by a large health care organization in a major U.S. city. Through content analysis, the authors identified six ways in which employment was helpful to participants: by (1) improving their finances, (2) promoting physical safety, (3) increasing self-esteem, (4) improving social connectedness, (5) providing mental respite, and (6) providing motivation or a "purpose in life." Findings suggest that employment can play a critically important, positive role in the lives of IPV victims. The importance of flexible leave-time policies and employer assistance to IPV victims is discussed.

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Available from: Emily F Rothman, Jul 22, 2015
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    • "The cultural environment of a workplace can be instrumental in the prevention, early identification, and intervention in cases of IPV among workers. Previous research has found that the workplace can be a source of support for victims of abuse (Miller, 2003; Rothman et al., 2007). Human Resources, Employee Health, and Employee Assistance Programs could provide interventions, and hospital social workers could be employed to assist both patients and workers. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the prevalence and risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) and intimate partner abuse (IPA) against female nurses and nursing personnel (n = 1981). Data were collected through online surveys conducted at three hospitals and one geriatric care center in a Mid-Atlantic US metropolitan area. Lifetime physical or sexual IPV was reported by 25% of participants and 22.8% reported experiencing lifetime emotional abuse by an intimate partner. Logistic regression analyses identified independent variables statistically related to IPV and IPA, including increased age, having children, not being married, and experiences of childhood abuse. Implications for women in the workplace are discussed.
    Issues in Mental Health Nursing 02/2010; 31(2):137-48. DOI:10.3109/01612840903470609
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    • "Fax: +47 55586130. (Rothman et al., 2007; Swanberg et al., 2007; Tolman and Wang, 2005). The best predictor for whether women would leave their abusive partner was found to be women's income in USA (Anderson and Saunders, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: We wanted to study the relationship between being unemployed or not, health related quality of life (HRQOL), and intimate partner violence (IPV) among women who had just arrived at a women's shelter and one year later. This seems as an important issue as employment rates are quite low among abused women. In measuring HRQOL, SF-36 was used both at baseline and follow-up. Lower scores in SF-36 are reflecting poorer functioning. Physical and psychological violence at baseline were measured by Severity of Violence against Women Scale and Psychological Maltreatment of Women Index. T-tests were used in the comparing analyses among unemployed women with those who took part in work life outside their homes. Significantly more psychological violence was reported by those who were unemployed compared to those who were employed at baseline. No significant differences in physical violence were reported. Those who were unemployed had higher HRQOL in all domains both at baseline and in follow up except physical health at baseline and physical health and bodily pain at follow-up. Among women who had experienced IPV, psychological violence may lead to unemployment. Better physical health and less bodily pain were reported among the employed women than the unemployed, but other HRQOL domains were better among the unemployed.
    Journal of Counseling Psychology 07/2009; 1:60-63. · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Employment status is also one of the enabling factors which influence health care seeking on Anderson ' s model . Victims of IPV who have a job gain financially , socially and psychologically positive influence ( Rothman , Hathaway , Stidsen & de Vries , 2007 ) . "
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    ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has a high prevalence in many nations and is a serious public health problem. IPV is associated with health problems as well as high medical expenditures. Both IPV and health care seeking are recurrent for victims throughout the life course. However, most previous studies that examine the impact of IPV on health care seeking are cross-sectional. Using life course data collected from Japanese women living in the Tokyo Metropolitan area, this study examines the factors influencing the first IPV specific health care seeking and IPV specific health care seeking over the life course and the trajectory of IPV specific health care seeking over the life course. The data were collected from 101 women from 2005 to 2006 through semi-structured interviews that utilized the Life History Calendar method. The data set included a total of 3,403 person years. The discrete-time models and hierarchical linear models were used for the data analysis. Anderson’s Behavioral Model of Health Service Utilization and cumulative risk theory provided the theoretical foundation of this study. Injury and formal help seeking increased the odds of the first IPV specific health care seeking. The current experience of injury, formal and informal help seeking, welfare status, smoking, and poor self-rated health status increased the likelihood of IPV specific health care seeking over the life course. The cumulative experience of sexual IPV and injury significantly increased the likelihood of IPV specific health care seeking over the life course. While the trajectory of injury was similar to that of IPV specific health care seeking, the trajectory of any form of IPV was different from that of IPV specific health care seeking. The occurrence of IPV was much more frequent than that of IPV specific health care seeking over the life course. These results highlight important policy implications for improving health care services for victims of IPV. Such policy implications, for example, include developing policies and programs to increase awareness of IPV as a health problem among victims of IPV, health care professionals and communities.
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