Risk factors for eating disorders

Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States
American Psychologist (Impact Factor: 6.87). 05/2007; 62(3):181-98. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.3.181
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The authors review research on risk factors for eating disorders, restricting their focus to studies in which clear precedence of the hypothesized risk factor over onset of the disorder is established. They illustrate how studies of sociocultural risk factors and biological factors have progressed on parallel tracks and propose that major advances in understanding the etiology of eating disorders require a new generation of studies that integrate these domains. They discuss how more sophisticated and novel conceptualizations of risk and causal processes may inform both nosology and intervention efforts.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the differences in patterns of risk factors for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes in both female and male adolescents from Portugal and Spain. The sample included 455 adolescents aged 12-16 years (M = 13.28, SD = 0.65) from two urban areas of each country. Body mass index, self-reported self-esteem, perfectionism, internalisation of sociocultural ideals, body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes were assessed. Path analyses provided partial support for a cross-cultural model of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in Western countries due to the presence of certain differences in the patterns of relationships across sex and country. The findings suggest the importance not only of identifying cultural specificities, even in "neighbouring" countries, but also of developing a global and comprehensive preventive approach that focuses on the influence of the ideal of beauty transmitted by Western societies. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar la relación entre los niveles de estrés percibido y los estilos de afrontamiento predominantes en una muestra de pacientes con Bulimia Nerviosa. Con dicho fin, se aplicó el Inventario de Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria, el Cuestionario de Respuesta al Estrés y el Cuestionario de Estilos de Afrontamiento a 30 pacientes con BN y 30 personas sin el trastorno. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en los niveles de estrés, siendo este mayor en el grupo clínico. Al interior de este se observaron diferencias de acuerdo a la edad y al tiempo de enfermedad. En cuanto afrontamiento, se hallaron diferencias significativas en ambos grupos en el uso de los estilos centrado en el problema y evitativo. Al interior del grupo clínico, se encontraron diferencias de acuerdo a la comorbilidad. Finalmente se obtuvieron correlaciones significativas medianas y grandes entre la BN, el estrés y el afrontamiento. Palabras Clave: Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria, Bulimia Nerviosa, Estrés Percibido, Estilos de Afrontamiento Perceived Stress and Coping Styles in patients with Bulimia Nervosa The aim of this study was to identify the association between stress levels and coping styles in a sample of patients with Bulimia Nervosa. Two groups conformed by 30 patients and 30 non-patients were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2), the Stress Response Questionnaire and the Coping Estimation Inventory. Stress levels were significantly greater in the clinical group. Within the clinical group, differences were observed according to age and time course of illness. In terms of coping, significant differences were found in the use of problem-focused and avoidant coping between the groups. Among the clinical group, differences in coping were obtained according to comorbidity. Finally, significant correlations were found between BN symptoms, stress and coping. Key Words: Eating Disorders, Bulimia Nervosa, Perceived Stress, Coping Styles
    07/2009, Degree: Sobresaliente/Outstanding, Supervisor: Doris Argumedo
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have demonstrated that men express body dissatisfaction differently than women. Although specific instruments that address body dissatisfaction in men have been developed, only a few have been validated in Latin-American male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS-S) and the Male Body Attitudes Scale (MBAS-S) in an Argentinian sample. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 423 male students to examine: the factorial structure (confirmatory factor analysis), the internal consistency reliability, and the concurrent, convergent and discriminant validity of both scales. Results replicated the two factor structures for the DMS-S and MBAS-S. Both scales showed excellent levels of internal consistency, and various measures of construct validity indicated that the DMS-S and MBAS-S were acceptable and valid instruments to assess body dissatisfaction in Argentinian males. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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