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Free radical scavenging activity of a novel antioxidative peptide isolated from in vitro gastrointestinal digests of Mytilus coruscus.

Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.
Journal of Medicinal Food (Impact Factor: 1.7). 04/2007; 10(1):197-202. DOI: 10.1089/jmf.2006.101
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A low-molecular-weight peptide with potent antioxidative activity was obtained from Mytilus coruscus muscle protein using an in vitro gastrointestinal digestion system. The potent antioxidant peptide, which was identified as Leu-Val-Gly-Asp-Glu-Gln-Ala-Val-Pro-Ala-Val-Cys-Val-Pro (1.59 kDa), exhibited higher protective activity against polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) peroxidation than the native antioxidants, ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol. In a free radical scavenging assay using electron spin resonance spectroscopy, hydroxyl radical formation was quenched by 75.04% in the presence of M. coruscus peptide (50 microg/mL), which was similar to ascorbic acid. In addition, the purified peptide could also quench super-oxide and carbon-centered radicals, but those activities were weaker than for ascorbic acid. This study showed that the low-molecular-weight peptide released from in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of mussel exhibited potent antioxidant potential by inhibiting the formation of reactive oxygen species formed by the peroxidation of PUFAs.

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