Burkholderia nodosa sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of the woody Brazilian legumes Mimosa bimucronata and Mimosa scabrella. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol

University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (Impact Factor: 2.51). 06/2007; 57(Pt 5):1055-9. DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.64873-0
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Three strains, Br3437(T), Br3461 and Br3470, were isolated from nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots of Mimosa scabrella (Br3437(T)) and Mimosa bimucronata (Br3461, Br3470), both of which are woody legumes native to Brazil. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, all the strains were shown previously to belong to the genus Burkholderia. A polyphasic approach, including DNA-DNA hybridizations, PFGE of whole-genome DNA profiles, whole-cell protein analyses, fatty acid methyl ester analysis and extensive biochemical characterization, was used to clarify the taxonomic position of these strains further; the strains are here classified within a novel species, for which the name Burkholderia nodosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain, Br3437(T) (=LMG 23741(T)=BCRC 17575(T)), was isolated from nodules of M. scabrella.

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    • "Since the initial discovery that Burkholderia tuberum is capable of nodulating several species of the South African legume Cyclopia [25], many additional Burkholderia species have been demonstrated to efficiently establish the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with a variety of legumes. To date, formal descriptions have been provided for 15 of these rhizobial or root-nodulating Burkholderia species [10] [11] [13] [29] [46] [64] [65] [76] [79]. Among them, only five species (including B. tuberum) have been described as symbionts of South African legumes. "
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the diversity of Burkholderia species known to nodulate legumes in introduced and native regions, relatively few taxa have been formally described. For example, the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa is thought to represent one of the major centres of diversity for the rhizobial members of Burkholderia, yet only five species have been described from legumes occurring in this region and numerous are still awaiting taxonomic treatment. Here, we investigated the taxonomic status of 12 South African root-nodulating Burkholderia isolates from native papilionoid legumes (Hypocalyptus coluteoides, H. oxalidifolius, H. sophoroides and Virgilia oroboides). Analysis of four gene regions (16S rRNA, recA, atpD and rpoB) revealed that the isolates represent a genealogically unique and exclusive assemblage within the genus. Its distinctness was supported by all other aspects of the polyphasic approach utilized, including the genome-based criteria DNA-DNA hybridization (≥70.9%) and average nucleotide identities (≥96%). We accordingly propose the name B. kirstenboschensis sp. nov. for this taxon with isolate Kb15(T) (=LMG 28727(T); =SARC 695(T)) as its type strain. Our data showed that intraspecific genome size differences (≥0.81 Mb) and the occurrence of large DNA regions that are apparently unique to single individuals (16-23% of an isolate's genome) can significantly limit the value of data obtained from DNA-DNA hybridization experiments. Substitution of DNA-DNA hybridization with whole genome sequencing as a prerequisite for the description of Burkholderia species will undoubtedly speed up the pace at which their diversity are documented, especially in hyperdiverse regions such as the Cape Floristic Region.
    Systematic and Applied Microbiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.syapm.2015.09.003 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    • "Burkholderia species were isolated from highly diverse habitats (Coenye and Vandamme 2003; Caballero-Mellado et al. 2004; Reis et al. 2004; Chen et al. 2007). Burkholderia is a genus with a steady growth of species numbers. "
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    ABSTRACT: A metal-resistant and phosphate-solubilising bacterium, designated as strain D414(T), was isolated from heavy metal (Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn)-polluted paddy soils at the surrounding area of Dabao Mountain Mine in Southeast China. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of heavy metals for strain D414(T) were 2000 mg L(-1) (Cd), 800 mg L(-1) (Pb), 150 mg L(-1) (Cu) and 2500 mg L(-1) (Zn). The strain possessed plant growth-promoting properties, such as 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate assimilation, indole production and phosphate solubilisation. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the isolate is a member of the genus Burkholderia where strain D414(T) formed a distinct phyletic line with validly described Burkholderia species. Strain D414(T) is closely related to Burkholderia tropica DSM 15359(T), B. bannensis NBRC E25(T) and B. unamae DSM 17197(T), with 98.5, 98.3 and 98.3 % sequence similarities, respectively. Furthermore, less than 34 % DNA-DNA relatedness was detected between strain D414(T) and the type strains of the phylogenetically closest species of Burkholderia. The dominant fatty acids of strain D414(T) were C14:0, C16:0, C17:0 cyclo and C18:1 ω7c. The DNA G+C content was 62.3 ± 0.5 mol%. On the basis of genotypic, phenotypic and phylogenetic data, strain D414(T) represents a novel species, for which the name Burkholderia metalliresistens sp. nov. is proposed, with D414(T) (=CICC 10561(T) = DSM 26823(T)) as the type strain.
    Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 04/2015; 107(6). DOI:10.1007/s10482-015-0453-z · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    • "Of these four, only B. tuberum nodulates legumes, but so far a model plant for the detailed study of this nitrogen-fixing, betaproteobacterial species has not been developed. Other legume-nodulating Burkholderia species include B. phymatum STM815 T (Vandamme et al. 2002), B. nodosa Br3437 T , Br3641, Br2470 (Chen et al. 2007), and a number of B. mimosarum strains (Chen et al. 2006). The latter three species nodulate Mimosa spp. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims Burkholderia tuberum STM678T was isolated from a South African legume, but did not renodulate this plant. Until a reliable host is found, studies on this and other interesting beta-rhizobia cannot advance. We investigated B. tuberum STM678T’s ability to induce Fix+ nodules on a small-seeded, easy-to-propagate legume (Macroptilium atropurpureum). Previous studies demonstrated that B. tuberum elicited either Fix- or Fix+ nodules on siratro, but the reasons for this difference were unexplored. Methods Experiments to promote effective siratro nodule formation under different environmental conditions were performed. B. tuberum STM678T’s ability to withstand high temperatures and desiccation was checked as well as its potential for promoting plant growth via mechanisms in addition to nitrogen fixation, e.g., phosphate solubilization and siderophore production. Potential genes for these activities were found in the sequenced genomes. Results Higher temperatures and reduced watering resulted in reliable, effective nodulation on siratro. Burkholderia spp. solubilize phosphate and produce siderophores. Genes encoding proteins potentially involved in these growth-promoting activities were detected and are described. Conclusions Siratro is an excellent model plant for B. tuberum STM678T. We identified genes that might be involved in the ability of diazotrophic Burkholderia species to survive harsh conditions, solubilize phosphate, and produce siderophores.
    Plant and Soil 08/2013; 369(1-2). DOI:10.1007/s11104-013-1590-7 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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