Ventilator weaning outcomes in chronic respiratory failure in children.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to describe mechanical ventilation weaning outcomes for children with chronic respiratory failure discharged from one of six post-acute rehabilitation facilities. Demographic, clinical and outcome data were collected from the medical record. Forty-four children were included in this prospective series; 20 (45%) were weaned off the ventilator at discharge. Children required significantly lower levels of ventilatory support at discharge than admission. Hourly use on the ventilator decreased from admission to discharge for the full cohort and for the subgroup who required a ventilator at discharge. Seventy-five percent of the children discharged with a ventilator had a portable unit. We conclude that nearly half of the children using mechanical ventilation achieve weaning during a postacute rehabilitation admission, whereas others have positive outcomes in severity, hours off the ventilator or portability of equipment.
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ABSTRACT: To describe outcomes and causes of death in children on chronic positive-pressure ventilation via tracheostomy. We conducted a retrospective observational cohort analysis of 228 children enrolled in an university-affiliated home mechanical ventilation (HMV) program over 22 years (990 person-years). Cumulative incidences of survival and liberation from HMV are presented. Time-to-events were compared by reason for chronic respiratory failure (CRF) and age and date of HMV initiation with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Circumstances of death are described. Of our cohort, 47 of 228 children died, and 41 children were liberated from HMV. The 5-year cumulative incidences of survival and liberation were 80% and 24%, respectively. Being placed on HMV for chronic pulmonary disease was independently associated with liberation from HMV (hazard ratio, 7.38; 95% CI, 3.0-18.2; P < .001). Neither age nor reasons for CRF were associated with shortened survival. Progression of underlying condition accounted for only 34% of deaths; 49% of deaths were unexpected. Most children on HMV survive or were weaned off. However, a sizable number of children in our cohort died, and many deaths were unexpected and from causes not directly related to their primary reason for CRF.The Journal of pediatrics 12/2010; 157(6):955-959.e2. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the responsiveness, examine the scoring range and determine the efficiency of a multidimensional computer adaptive testing version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI-MCAT) for children admitted to inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation. The PEDI-MCAT was completed by clinician report for 30 infants and children. Mean self-care and mobility admission scores were compared with discharge scores for the total group and two diagnostic sub-groups (prematurity and congenital/neurological conditions). The scoring range of the mobility and self-care scales was examined to determine placement of the scores along the overall PEDI-MCAT scale. Efficiency was determined using an internal clock and average number of items required for score generation. Mean changes for the total group and both sub-groups were significant for both self-care and mobility, except for the prematurity group's mobility scores. Effect sizes were small-to-moderate. Scores for both groups were at the low end of the scoring ranges. Average time to complete the PEDI-MCAT was 1.57 minutes. Average number of items administered was nine for self-care and 11 for mobility. The PEDI-MCAT was responsive to change in physical function, although only low-ability items were needed. The PEDI-MCAT can potentially minimize clinician burden in inpatient settings.Developmental neurorehabilitation 01/2010; 13(2):95-102.