Native and foreign born as predictors of pediatric asthma in an Asian immigrant population: A cross sectional survey

Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.
Environmental Health (Impact Factor: 3.37). 05/2007; 6(1):13. DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-6-13
Source: PubMed


Asthma prevalence is lower in less developed countries and among some recent immigrant populations in the US, but the reasons for this are not clear. One possibility is that early childhood infections are protective against asthma.
We surveyed Asian immigrant children (n = 204; age 4-18) to assess the relationship between asthma and native or foreign place of birth. We included questions about environmental exposures, demographic variables and family history of asthma to test whether they might explain effects of place of birth on asthma.
The native and foreign born groups were similar in most respects. Analysis of association with diagnosed asthma for all ages together resulted in two logistic regression models. Both retained born in the US (ORs were 3.2 and 4.3; p < 0.01) and family history of asthma (ORs were 6.4 and 7.2; p < 0.001). One model retained living near heavy motor traffic (OR = 2.6; p = 0.012). The other retained language (OR = 3.2; p = 0.003). However, for older children (11-18 years of age) being born in the US lost some of its predictive power.
Our findings are consistent with early childhood infections that are prevalent outside the US protecting against asthma.

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    • "Most of the national surveys, however, are aggregated by ethnicity so information is limited about specific groups [11]. Among work that has considered Chinese immigrants specifically, there is some evidence that Chinese immigrants have a lower asthma prevalence [12,13] and overall better general health [14,15]. Additionally, some cardiovascular risk factors may be associated with duration in the U.S. [16]. "
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