Brain, emotion and decision making: The paradigmatic example of regret

Neuropsychology Group, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron, France.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences (Impact Factor: 21.97). 07/2007; 11(6):258-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2007.04.003
Source: PubMed


Human decisions cannot be explained solely by rational imperatives but are strongly influenced by emotion. Theoretical and behavioral studies provide a sound empirical basis to the impact of the emotion of regret in guiding choice behavior. Recent neuropsychological and neuroimaging data have stressed the fundamental role of the orbitofrontal cortex in mediating the experience of regret. Functional magnetic resonance imaging data indicate that reactivation of activity within the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala occurring during the phase of choice, when the brain is anticipating possible future consequences of decisions, characterizes the anticipation of regret. In turn, these patterns reflect learning based on cumulative emotional experience. Moreover, affective consequences can induce specific mechanisms of cognitive control of the choice processes, involving reinforcement or avoidance of the experienced behavior.

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Available from: Angela Sirigu, Oct 29, 2014
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    • "ents in expectation - based regulation of emotions and behavior ( Mellers et al . , 1997 ; Sutton and Barto , 1998 ; Levens et al . , 2014 ) . This is generally consistent with the role of vmPFC / mOFC in the top - down modulation of emotional responses by ascribing affective meaning to the sensory information processed in the amygdaloid complex ( Coricelli et al . , 2007 ; Canessa et al . , 2009 ; Kim et al . , 2011 ; Zalla and Sperduti , 2013 ) . Taken together , these networks provide a basis for the diverse emotional and evaluative processing required during counterfactual thought ."
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    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 07/2015; 9. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00420 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    • "Based on a strong and extended survey of the existing neural researches and literature related to emotions and decision processing in the brain such as [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19], we consider that any fuzzy information, like a fuzzy alternative represented by a fuzzy triangular number, could be treated as a source of two stimuli, an aversive and an appetitive stimulus. Each one of these stimuli will lead to unconditional responses which are fear and happiness emotions respectively. "
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    • "Such counterfactual thinking is pervasive in everyday life, and it has been examined by philosophers and psychologists (Stalnaker, 1968; Kahneman et al., 1982; Roese, 1997; Byrne and Tasso, 1999; Roese and Olson, 2014). Counterfactual thinking helps people to learn from experience and can influence different cognitive activities such as deduction, decision making, probability calculation and problem solving (Byrne, 2002; Coricelli et al., 2007; Epstude and Roese, 2008). Moreover, counterfactual thinking is associated with complex emotions, such as guilt, regret or blame (Camille et al., 2004; Young and Koenigs, 2007). "
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