Reggie-1 and reggie-2 localize in non-caveolar rafts in epithelial cells: cellular localization is not dependent on the expression of caveolin proteins

Institute of Biochemistry II and Cluster of Excellence Frankfurt Macromolecular Complexes, University Clinic of Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
European Journal of Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 3.7). 07/2007; 86(6):345-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2007.03.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Reggie-1 and reggie-2 are highly conserved and widely expressed proteins associated with membrane rafts. The molecular function of reggies remains to be clarified, but recent data indicate that they are involved in various cellular processes such as insulin signaling, phagocytosis and actin remodeling. However, there is discrepancy in the literature if reggies are associated with caveolae or non-caveolar rafts. Reggies are expressed and raft associated also in many cells which do not contain caveolae, such as neurons and lymphocytes. However, it is not clear if the function or localization of reggies are dependent on the presence of caveolae and expression of caveolin-1 protein. In this study, we directly addressed this question in epithelial cells. We could show that ectopic expression of caveolin-1 does not result in any change in the cellular localization of reggie-1, which is present at the plasma membrane also in the absence of caveolin-1. On the other hand, caveolin-2, which localizes in caveolae, is dependent on caveolin-1 expression in order to be localized at the plasma membrane. Although reggie-1 and reggie-2 strongly interact with each other, we did not detect a direct interaction between caveolin-1 and reggies by means of a yeast two-hybrid assay, nor could reggies be co-immunoprecipitated with caveolin-1. Furthermore, endogenous reggie-1 and -2 were found not to colocalize with caveolin-1 in epithelial cells. Thus, our data indicate that reggies are localized in microdomains different from caveolae, and the function of reggies is different from and independent of caveolin-1.

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