Biomechanic analysis of trapeziectomy, ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition, and tie-in trapezium implant arthroplasty for thumb carpometacarpal arthritis: a cadaver study.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195-6500, USA.
The Journal Of Hand Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.66). 05/2007; 32(5):697-706. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2007.02.025
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Thumb carpometacarpal joint arthritis has been commonly treated with some combination of resection of the trapezium and interposition of a spacer using either a biologic or artificial material plus tenodesis to reconstruct the volar oblique ligament. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanic stability of the classic ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition (LRTI) or without tendon interposition compared with a newly developed 1-piece silicone trapezium implant.
Twelve cadaver arm specimens had the following procedures: resection of the trapezium, tendon interposition, ligament reconstruction, LRTI, and the silicone implant. Biomechanic testing of joint stability was performed with a physiologic loading protocol before and after each procedure.
The implant significantly corrected the axial displacement after trapeziectomy and resulted in less radial displacement than LRTI. It significantly reduced angulation of the thumb metacarpal base but resulted in more rotation of the thumb during simulated pinch. There was no significant difference in stability measures between trapeziectomy and LRTI or ligament reconstruction without tendon interposition.
We found several biomechanic advantages to the implant compared with LRTI. Advantages include reduction in axial and radial displacement and maintenance of the trapezial space. We attribute these advantages to the effect of the implant as a spacer. The significant rotation with the implant, however, raises questions concerning implant design and fixation. We found no biomechanic advantage to LRTI or ligament reconstruction without tendon interposition over trapeziectomy alone.

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    Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 04/2008; 43(4):103-107. DOI:10.1590/S0102-36162008000300001
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Various surgical procedures have been proposed for the treatment of trapeziometacarpal joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis. Despite an overall satisfactory outcome in most cases, some patients complain about inadequate performance at work, due to instability of the TMJ. We present a cross-sectional study of patients with TMJ arthritis who underwent a modified Epping procedure for increased TMJ stability. METHODS: 71 patients underwent a modified Epping procedure with a flexor carpi radialis tendon sling stabilizer. 59 patients were followed up after a mean time of 38 months. Residual pain was evaluated by visual analog scale. Functional outcome was quantified by pinch and grip strength, static two-point discrimination test, as well as DASH outcome scoring. Quality of life measures included patients' perceived satisfaction, activities of daily living (ADL), grip/pinch force and manual performance at work. RESULTS: 85 % of the patients regained full or partial manual performance during labor. Strength and ADL improved or remained the same in 81 %. In cases of a unilateral treatment, no difference in grip between the operated and nonoperated hand was observed. Mean tip pinch strength was 2.8 kg for the operated and 3.6 kg for the nonoperated hand. Mean pain level during rest was 0.98, 0.95 during mild activity, and 3.70 during strenuous activity. Mean DASH score was 26.6. CONCLUSION: The great majority of patients who underwent this novel procedure benefited from an unaffected or improved work performance, due to good TMJ stability combined with adequate motion for ADL. Less favorable results were seen in patients with accompanying hand pathologies.
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 05/2013; 133(8). DOI:10.1007/s00402-013-1776-8 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Thumb arthritis at the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is one of the most common sites of arthritis, especially in women. Thumb arthroplasty is an effective method of relieving pain and improving function. Materials and Methods Qualitative and quantitative outcomes were assessed clinically and radiographically in 58 patients (66 thumbs) with thumb basal joint arthritis limited to the trapeziometacarpal joint, treated with hemiresection arthroplasty of the trapezium, flexor carpi radialis (FCR) ligament reconstruction, and allograft costochondral interposition graft. Description of Technique The thumb CMC joint arthroplasty is performed using an FCR tendon for ligament reconstruction combined with removal of the distal half of the trapezium, which is replaced with a life preserver-shaped spacer that is carved out of allograft cartilage. Results Results of the validated Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire at a mean follow-up time of 56 months (range, 24-103 months) revealed that 90% of the patients had a high level of function with minimal symptoms. Important improvements in web space with increased palmar and radial abduction and grip and pinch strength measurements were observed. The trapeziometacarpal space had decreased 21% after surgery, while trapeziometacarpal subluxation was 14% compared with 21% before surgery. There was an inverse correlation between the loss of trapezial height and subluxation and clinical outcome. Conclusions The results of this study demonstrate that, although the preoperative trapezial height was not maintained, the reconstructed thumbs remained stable, with little subluxation and improved clinical outcomes. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.
    08/2013; 2(3):220-7. DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1351375


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