Penile-preserving surgery for male distal urethral carcinoma.
ABSTRACT To evaluate medium-term outcome data from patients with distal urethral cancers treated with penile-preserving surgery.
We analysed prospectively 18 consecutive men referred for the management of urethral carcinoma. All had a specialist review in a supra-regional multidisciplinary team meeting, where the histology findings were reviewed by one pathology consultant. Tumours were staged according to the Tumour-Node-Metastasis classification and the patients offered penile-preserving surgery when tumours were limited to the glanular or penile urethra.
All 18 patients were suitable for penile-preserving surgery; the procedures were: three hypospadias formation with or without topical chemotherapy; four buccal mucosa urethroplasty; three glansectomy and reconstruction; six glansectomy, distal corporectomy, reconstruction and hypospadias formation; two urethrectomy with or with no excision of adjacent tunica albuginea. The mean (median, range) follow-up was 26 (20.5, 9-58) months. There were no local recurrences; four patients with regional nodal disease progressed and of these, two died from metastatic disease, and one died from an unrelated condition.
Medium-term data show that penile-preserving surgery is a feasible treatment for men with distal urethral carcinoma, providing excellent local control without prejudicing survival; a longer follow-up is needed.