Article

[Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever].

Laboratory of Vector-borne Viruses, Department of Virology 1, National Institute of Infectious Diseases.
Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 04/2007; 65 Suppl 3:117-21. DOI: 10.1016/S1045-1870(97)80003-9
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    ABSTRACT: 1 Resumo Os conceitos de dengue clássico, com ou sem hemorragia, e de febre hemorrágica do dengue (FHD) que, pode cursar sem fenômenos hemorrágicos, com ou sem síndrome do choque do dengue (SCD), são revistos neste artigo. As definições clássicas propostas, úteis em outros tempos, geram confusão e dificultam a tomada de decisões no momento do tratamento dos pacientes com as formas graves da doença porque deixaram de incorporar novos conceitos e avanços terapêuticos. A classificação do dengue proposta neste trabalho, e apresentada em fluxograma, incorpora os conceitos atuais de sepse, síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica (SIRS) e síndrome da angústia respiratória do adulto (SARA). A nova classificação serve de guia para orientar a conduta terapêutica inicial e aproxima o tratamento do dengue aos protocolos e rotinas já implantados nos diversos centros hospitalares de urgência, facilitando a atuação dos serviços de saúde em situações de surtos epidêmicos. Palavras-chaves: Dengue. Febre hemorrágica do dengue. Sepse. Síndrome da angústia respiratória do adulto (SARA). Síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica (SIRS). Abstract Previous definition of classic dengue, with or without bleeding, and of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) that may evolve without bleeding and with or without dengue shock syndrome (DSS) are reviewed here. The classical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dengue, although useful in the past, nowadays breeds confusion and adds a burden to the physician's task of decision-making regarding the treatment of patients with severe forms of the disease. The classification of dengue proposed in this paper, and summarized in a diagram, incorporates new concepts about sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This new approach, in our view, is a useful guide to initial evaluation and treatment of the disease. It also approximates the dengue syndrome to other protocols and medical procedures routinely used in intensive care units, making it easier to be followed by the health personnel working in areas subject to epidemic bursts.
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