Pulse Doppler and M-mode to assess viability of cardiac allografts using heterotopic femoral heart transplantation in rats
ABSTRACT Noninvasive assessment of heterotopic heart transplants using Doppler echocardiography was first described in two patients by Allen at Stanford in 1981. Since then, numerous experiments studying heterotopic heart transplantation in humans and large animals have confirmed its utility by employing either an intra-abdominal or cervical model. In rats, however, prior research investigating intra-abdominal heterotopic hearts has showed echocardiography to be ineffective. We have recently developed a new technique for heterotopic femoral heart transplantation in rats, which employs the novel use of trans-femoral echocardiography. Therefore, our goal was to re-examine the efficacy of echocardiography for detection of graft rejection.
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ABSTRACT: The role of vascularized bone marrow in promoting composite allograft survival can be assessed by intrinsically chimeric flaps. In this study, we introduce a significant modification to a previously described rat model of combined superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) myocutaneous/vascularized femur transplantation. We previously noted autocannibalization in orthotopic myocutaneous SIEA allotransplants, which complicated clinical and histologic evaluation of rejection. We therefore designed syngeneic experiments in eight Lewis (RTl(1) ) rat pairs to explore the feasibility of tunneling the SIEA component of chimeric SIEA myocutaneous/vascularized femur flaps to the recipient dorsum. Vascularized SIEA myocutaneous/femur transplants survived in their entirety to POD 63 study endpoint with patent anastomoses in seven of eight (87.5%) transplants as confirmed clinically, histologically, and via near-infrared fluorescent angiography. Tunneling of the SIEA component of SIEA myocutaneous/vascularized femur flaps to the recipient dorsum can be achieved with high success rate and acceptable operative times, and is a technically easy method to study the role of vascularized bone marrow in composite allografts. This modification facilitates SIEA component monitoring, removes it from constant contact with cage bedding, and places it in a location where autocannibalization is unlikely.Microsurgery 02/2012; 32(2):128-35. DOI:10.1002/micr.20957 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cervical heterotopic heart transplantation in rodents is a useful tool for studying transplantation immunology. However, end-to-end anastomosis of small-diameter vessels by using standard microsurgical technique is technically difficult and can require prolonged graft ischemia. A novel cuff system was designed from polyethylene tubing to allow anastomosis of vessels with internal luminal diameters of 0.3 to 0.9 mm. Key features include a spring-like adjustable lumen to facilitate vessel eversion, a barb to hold vessel ends in place after eversion, and a handling system that allows easy manipulation and stabilization of cuffs by a single operator. After a training period, a single operator performed a series of 8 transplants in which the mean warm ischemic time of grafts was 8.5 ± 2.9 min. Here we provide a detailed description of how to construct and perform end-to-end vessel anastomosis by using our novel cuff system. The discussion of the technique is supplemented with tips learned during the process of developing a reliable experimental model.Comparative medicine 08/2014; 64(4):293-299. · 0.76 Impact Factor
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 02/2011; 127(2):1021-2. DOI:10.1097/PRS.0b013e318200b051 · 3.33 Impact Factor