Article

Strategies to prevent injury in adolescent sport: a systematic review.

Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
British Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.03). 11/2007; 41(10):627-38. DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2007.035691
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This systematic review set out to identify randomised controlled trials and controlled intervention studies that evaluated the effectiveness of preventive strategies in adolescent sport and to draw conclusions on the strength of the evidence. A literature search in seven databases (Medline, SportDiscus, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Review and DARE) was carried out using four keywords: adolescent, sport, injury and prevention (expanded to capture any relevant literature). Assessment of 154 papers found 12 studies eligible for inclusion. It can be concluded that injury prevention strategies that focus on preseason conditioning, functional training, education, balance and sport-specific skills, which should be continued throughout the sporting season, are effective. The evidence for the effectiveness of protective equipment in injury prevention is inconclusive and requires further assessment.

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Available from: Chris Bleakley, Aug 22, 2014
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    • "Technical skills can be developed at ages as young as 7–9 years (Branta et al., 1984; McMorris, 1998). Although the majority of the technical instructions at this level will be explicit, emphasis on correct technique and safety in the tackle should start from a young age and increase as the player gets older (Abernethy and Bleakley, 2007; Van Tiggelen et al., 2008). Accordingly, national injury prevention programs, such as those mentioned earlier, generally try to encompass learning of proper techniques for injury prevention at all levels of play (from under-6 to senior adult level). "
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