Differences in physical fitness and throwing velocity among elite and amateur female handball players

Government of Spain, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
International Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.07). 10/2007; 28(10):860-7. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-964989
Source: PubMed


This study compared physical characteristics (body height [BH], body mass [BM], body fat [BF], and fat free mass [FFM]), one repetition maximum bench press (1RM (BP)), jumping explosive power (VJ), handball throwing velocity, power-load relationship of the leg and arm extensor muscles, 5- and 15-m sprint running time, and running endurance in elite (n = 16; EF) and amateur (n = 15; AF) female handball players aged 17 - 38. Results revealed that, compared to AF, EF players presented similar values in body mass and percent body fat, but higher values (p < 0.001 - 0.05) in BH (6 %), FFM (10 %), 1RM (BP) (23 %), VJ (10 %), handball throwing velocity (11 %), power-load relationship of the arm (25 %) and leg (12 %) extensors, as well as 5- and 15-m sprint (3 - 4 %) and endurance running velocities (13 %). Univariate regression analyses showed that 1RM (BP) was associated with throwing velocity (R (2) = 0.64). The higher absolute values of maximal strength and muscle power, although explained by the differences in fat free mass, will give EF an advantage to sustain certain handball game actions. The association between 1RM (BP) and throwing velocity suggests that throwing velocity values in female handball players depend more on maximal strength than on the capacity to move low loads at high velocities, during elbow extension actions.

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Available from: Mikel Izquierdo, Oct 02, 2015
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    • "A positive correlation was found between ball velocity in the 3-step running throw and concentric velocity production at a load of 30% of 1RM BP (r = 0.72) as well as concentric power production during half-squat action (r = 0.62). A positive influence of strength and power on ball velocity in the team-handball throw was also found in several studies (Chelly et al., 2010; Debanne and Laffaye, 2011; Granados et al., 2007; Marques et al., 2007). Gorostiaga et al. (2005) suggested that higher values of maximal strength and muscle power would give a clear advantage to sustain the forceful muscle contractions during team-handball specific movements . "
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    ABSTRACT: Team handball is a complex sport game that is determined by the individual performance of each player as well as tactical components and interaction of the team. The aim of this review was to specify the elements of team-handball performance based on scientific studies and practical experience, and to convey perspectives for practical implication. Scientific studies were identified via data bases of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, SPORT Discus, Google Scholar, and Hercules. A total of 56 articles met the inclusion criteria. In addition, we supplemented the review with 13 additional articles, proceedings and book sections. It was found that the specific characteristics of team-handball with frequent intensity changes, team-handball techniques, hard body confrontations, mental skills and social factors specify the determinants of coordination, endurance, strength and cognition. Although we found comprehensive studies examining individual performance in team-handball players of different experience level, sex or age, there is a lack of studies, particularly for team-handball specific training, as well as cognition and social factors. Key PointsThe specific characteristics of team-handball with frequent intensity changes, specific skills, hard body confrontations, mental skills and social factors define the determinants of coordination, endurance, strength and cognition.To increase individual and team performance in team-handball specific training based on these determinants have been suggested.Although there are comprehensive studies examining individual performance in team-handball players of different experience level, sex, or age are published, there is a lack of training studies, particularly for team-handball specific techniques and endurance, as well as cognition and social factors.
    Journal of sports science & medicine 12/2014; 13(4):808-816. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • " intermittent sport game, which requires players to have well developed aerobic and anaerobic capacities (Delamarce,, 1987, Gorostiaga, E.,2006). Several motor abilities such as sprinting, jumping, flexibility, and throwing velocity are considered as important aspects of the game that contribute to the high performance of the team (Granados, C. et. al., 2007, Marques, M. et. al., 2006, Marczinka, Z., 1993). On the other hand, in a modern handball player model, specific anthropometric characteristics play a supportive role in helping athletes perform better under the actual competitive conditions (Srhoj, V. et. al., 2002, Skoufas, D. et. al., 2003). Team positions in team handball can be bro"
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    ABSTRACT: The research had as object of study the recording of the evolution of players activating on the left wing, right wing and pivot position in teams H.C.M. Constanta and F.C. Barcelona in the competition “Champions League” 2011-2012 in terms of the technique and tactics that these players use in the attack compartment of the handball game. We chose to analyze male team H.C.M. Constanta because it is the only team that represents Romania in the competition Champions League and team F.C. Barcelona from Spain that achieved good results in this competition throughout the years. In terms of individual technique and tactics, the players from team H.C.M. Constanta showed a good percentage at the 7m throws, but F.C. Barcelona players had better efficacy due to the high experience, this team going through high-level competitions in the same formula. From this analysis we were able to draw clear conclusions on the potential of the players that activate in team H.C.M. Constanta and to establish proposals for improving both the technical and tactical evolution of these players, but also the manner in which they cooperates with their teammates in solving situations resulting from the game.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 02/2014; 116:3859-3863. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.855
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    • "jumping ability, speed, endurance) to reach the highest levels (Marques and Gonzalez-Badillo, 2006; Ronglan et al., 2006; Buchheit et al., 2009; Ingebrigtsen and Jeffreys, 2012; Ingebrigtsen et al., 2012). Therefore, the investigation of key factors and characteristics that can distinguish between high-and low-class players is continually ongoing among practitioners and scientists (Granados et al., 2007; Buchheit et al., 2009). The available research on handball players indicates that physiological characteristics such as speed, strength and jumping abilities are dependent on the level of competition (Lidor et al., 2005; Gorostiaga et al., 2006; Marques and Gonzalez- Badillo, 2006; Ziv and Lidor, 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine possible discriminant physical and physiological characteristics between elite male handball players from elite teams with different league rankings. Players from three teams (A, B and C), which competed in the first league of the Greek championship during the season 2011-2012 participated in the study. Team A finished first, B came second and C came eighth out of eleven clubs. Teams A and B also participated in European Cups, and team A won the European Challenge Cup. The players (n=44) were examined for anthropometric characteristics and performed a series of physical fitness tests. Players from teams A and B were taller (6.2 cm (0.7;11.7), mean difference (95% CI) and 9.2 cm (4.0;14.5), respectively), and had a higher amount of fat free mass (6.4 kg (1.1;11.8) and 5.4 kg (0.2;10.5)) compared to those of team C. Players from team A performed better than players from team C in the squat jump (5.5 cm (1.0;10.0)), the countermovement jump without (5.5 cm (0.4;10.6)) and with arm-swing (6.0 cm (0.7;11.3)) and in the 30 s Bosco test (5.7 W·kg-1 (1.2;10.2)). Also, players from team A outperformed team B in mean power during the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT, 0.5 W·kg-1(0;0.9)) and in the Bosco test (7.8 W·kg-1 (3.4;12.2)). Overall, players from the best ranked team performed better than the lowest ranked team on WAnT, vertical jumps and the Bosco test. Stepwise discriminant analysis showed that stature and mean power during the Bosco test were the most important characteristics in TH players, accounting for 54.6% of the variance in team ranking. These findings indicate the contribution of particular physical fitness components (stature, fat free mass and anaerobic power) to excellence in TH. In addition, the use of the Bosco test as an assessment tool in talent identification and physical fitness monitoring in this sport is further recommended.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 10/2013; 38(1):115-24. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2013-0051 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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