Admission B-type natriuretic peptide levels and in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated heart failure.
ABSTRACT This study was designed to determine whether admission B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels are predictive of in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated heart failure (HF).
Levels of BNP have been demonstrated to facilitate the diagnosis of HF and predict mortality in chronic systolic HF.
B-type natriuretic peptide levels within 24 h of presentation were obtained in 48,629 (63%) of 77,467 hospitalization episodes entered in ADHERE (Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry). In-hospital mortality was assessed by BNP quartiles in the entire cohort and in patients with reduced (n = 19,544) as well as preserved (n = 18,164) left ventricular systolic function using chi-square and logistic regression models.
Quartiles (Q) of BNP were Q1 (<430), Q2 (430 to 839), Q3 (840 to 1,729), and Q4 (> or =1,730 pg/ml). The BNP levels were <100 pg/ml in 3.3% of the total cohort. Patients in Q1 versus Q4 were younger, more likely to be women, and had lower creatinine and higher left ventricular ejection fraction. There was a near-linear relationship between BNP quartiles and in-hospital mortality: Q1 (1.9%), Q2 (2.8%), Q3 (3.8%), and Q4 (6.0%), p < 0.0001. B-type natriuretic peptide quartile remained highly predictive of mortality even after adjustment for age, gender, systolic blood pressure, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium, pulse, and dyspnea at rest, Q4 versus Q1 (adjusted odds ratio 2.23 [95% confidence interval 1.91 to 2.62, p < 0.0001]). The BNP quartiles independently predicted mortality in patients with reduced and preserved systolic function.
An elevated admission BNP level is a significant predictor of in-hospital mortality in acute decompensated HF with either reduced or preserved systolic function, independent of other clinical and laboratory variables. (Registry for Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Patients; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00366639; NCT00366639).
Article: Post-discharge changes in NT-proBNP and quality of life after acute dyspnea hospitalization as predictors of one-year outcomes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association of serial NT-proBNP changes and poor quality of life (QOL) with progressive heart failure (HF) and clinical outcomes in emergency department dyspnea patients is poorly understood. The predictive value of changes in NT-proBNP and QOL (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure scale) from baseline to 30-day follow-up was examined for all-cause 1-year mortality and HF hospitalization. Patients with an initially elevated NT-proBNP (≥300 ng/L) which persisted at 30-days (no ≥25% decrease) were at high risk of death or HF hospitalization (HR=6.36, 95%CI=3.04-13.28). Combined with sustained poor QOL, these subjects with persistently elevated NT-proBNP were at highest mortality risk or HF hospitalization (HR=8.75, 95%CI=3.62-21.16). Dyspnea patients with elevated NT-proBNP concentrations and no improvement in either NT-proBNP or QOL at 30-days are at high risk of mortality and HF hospitalization. These data highlight the value of serial biomarker measurements combined with serial evaluations for QOL.Clinical biochemistry 12/2010; 43(18):1405-10. · 2.02 Impact Factor
Article: NT-proBNP measurement fails to reliably identify subclinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in Maine Coon cats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of measuring plasma NT-proBNP concentration as a screening tool in cats with varying severity of subclinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Plasma NT-proBNP concentration was measured in 35 cats that had previously been classified as normal, equivocal, moderate HCM or severe HCM via echocardiography. No cat had ever been in congestive heart failure. Cats with severe HCM had a significantly higher NT-proBNP concentration compared to the other groups (P<0.0003), however, the sensitivity of NT-proBNP for diagnosing cats with severe disease was only 44% (cutoff≤100pmol/l) to 55% (cutoff≤40pmol/l). There was no significant difference in NT-proBNP concentration between normal, equivocal and moderate categories (sensitivity for detecting moderate HCM was 0%). Based on the results of this study, NT-proBNP concentration is not considered adequate as a screening test for detecting mild to moderate HCM in Maine Coon cats and it appears that it may miss many cats with severe HCM.Journal of feline medicine and surgery. 10/2010; 12(12):942-7.
Article: The predictive value of preoperative natriuretic peptide concentrations in adults undergoing surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Several studies have evaluated preoperative B-type natriuretic peptides (NPs) for predicting mortality after surgery; however, the number of deaths in each study was small, limiting the power of these studies. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies addressing preoperative NP levels to predict mortality after cardiac and noncardiac surgery. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE using the terms "natriuretic peptides," "surgery or surgical procedures," and a validated combination of prognostic and diagnostic terms. Two investigators independently assessed studies for eligibility and extracted data. The end points were all-cause mortality at ≥6 months and at ≤90 days. We used a bivariate model to derive measures of prognostic accuracy and their heterogeneity. We calculated the pooled positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) by Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. Of the 1558 retrieved articles, 23 studies satisfied the predefined eligibility criteria. After cardiac surgery, the diagnostic odds ratio of NP was 4.11 (95% confidence interval, 2.22-7.60) for ≥6-month mortality, the PPV 0.17 (95% Bayesian confidence interval, 0.07-0.36), and the NPV 0.96 (0.90-0.98). After noncardiac surgery, the diagnostic odds ratio of NP was 4.97 (3.06-8.07) for ≥6-month mortality. The corresponding PPV was 0.24 (0.14-0.38) and the NPV 0.94 (0.88-0.97). Results were similar for ≤90-day mortality. Preoperative NP concentrations were associated with mortality after cardiac and noncardiac surgery. NP had high NPVs for both types of surgery suggesting that preoperative NP concentrations may be helpful in preoperative risk stratification.Anesthesia and analgesia 03/2011; 112(5):1019-33. · 3.08 Impact Factor