Article

The Holger Nielsen method of artificial respiration

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dalhousie University, 5980 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 3G9, Canada.
Resuscitation (Impact Factor: 3.96). 10/2007; 74(3):403-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2007.03.008
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Various methods of artificial respiration using manual chest compressions with or without movement of the arms were first proposed by Leroy d'Etiolles in 1827 and introduced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. External manual methods generating a forced expiration were preferred until Safar reintroduced mouth-to-mouth ventilation in 1958 [Baskett PJF. Resuscitation Great. Peter J Safar, The Early Years 1924-1961, The Birth of CPR. Resuscitation 2001;50:17-22]. This article focuses on one of the more elaborated mechanical devices: the 'pulmoventilateur' of Professor Charles Hederer [Hederer Ch. Dossier personnel CC7 4(e) MOD 2178 dossier 3 au CEHD, chateau de Vincennes, BP 153; Hederer Ch. La respiration artificielle. Bruxelles-Médical 1934:1362-9].
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    ABSTRACT: There is a public expectation that registered nurses are competent in their skills. Nurses need to know cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to enable them to safely and effectively provide appropriate CPR measures. The objectives of this descriptive study were (i) to investigate nurses' knowledge regarding CPR; and (ii) to identify barriers to appropriate CPR evaluation. One hundred questionnaires were distributed to nurses working in a public government hospital in Bahrain; 82 of these were returned. The results indicated that cognitive knowledge was not adequately retained. Fifty-eight per cent of respondents perceived recalling CPR information as easy or extremely easy. Only 7% of respondents passed the knowledge test. In general, those who had less education and experience did not recall essential CPR knowledge. This study identified a significant problem with the knowledge surrounding CPR. More concerning was the lack of professional responsibility in dealing with this inadequacy.
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