Article

# Field-induced Fermi surface reconstruction and adiabatic continuity between antiferromagnetism and the hidden-order state in URu2Si2.

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA.

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 05/2007; 98(16):166404. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.166404 Source: PubMed

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**ABSTRACT:**Motivated by recent quantum oscillations experiments on U Ru2Si2, we discuss the microscopic origin of the large anisotropy observed many years ago in the anomaly of the nonlinear susceptibility in this same material. We show that the magnitude of this anomaly emerges naturally from hastatic order, a proposal for hidden order that is a two-component spinor arising from the hybridization of a non-Kramers Γ5 doublet with Kramers conduction electrons. A prediction is made for the angular anisotropy of the nonlinear susceptibility anomaly as a test of this proposed order parameter for U Ru2Si2.Journal of Physics Conference Series 07/2013; 449(1):2026-. - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We present measurements of the resistivity $\rho_{x,x}$ of URu2Si2 high-quality single crystals in pulsed high magnetic fields up to 81~T at a temperature of 1.4~K and up to 60~T at temperatures down to 100~mK. For a field \textbf{H} applied along the magnetic easy-axis \textbf{c}, a strong sample-dependence of the low-temperature resistivity in the hidden-order phase is attributed to a high carrier mobility. The interplay between the magnetic and orbital properties is emphasized by the angle-dependence of the phase diagram, where magnetic transition fields and crossover fields related to the Fermi surface properties follow a 1/$\cos\theta$-law, $\theta$ being the angle between \textbf{H} and \textbf{c}. For $\mathbf{H}\parallel\mathbf{c}$, a crossover defined at a kink of $\rho_{x,x}$, as initially reported in [Shishido et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{102}, 156403 (2009)], is found to be strongly sample-dependent: its characteristic field $\mu_0H^*$ varies from $\simeq20$~T in our best sample with a residual resistivity ratio RRR of $225$ to $\simeq25$~T in a sample with a RRR of $90$. A second crossover is defined at the maximum of $\rho_{x,x}$ at the sample-independent characteristic field $\mu_0H_{\rho,max}^{LT}\simeq30$~T. Fourier analyzes of SdH oscillations show that $H_{\rho,max}^{LT}$ coincides with a sudden modification of the Fermi surface, while $H^*$ lies in a regime where the Fermi surface is smoothly modified. For $\mathbf{H}\parallel\mathbf{a}$, i) no phase transition is observed at low temperature and the system remains in the hidden-order phase up to 81~T, ii) quantum oscillations surviving up to 7~K are related to a new and almost-spherical orbit - for the first time observed here - at the frequency $F_\lambda\simeq1400$~T and associated with a low effective mass $m^*_\lambda=(1\pm0.5)\cdot m_0$, and iii) no Fermi surface modification occurs up to 81~T.11/2013; 89(16). -
##### Article: Momentum-resolved hidden-order gap reveals symmetry breaking and origin of entropy loss in URu2Si2.

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**ABSTRACT:**Spontaneous symmetry breaking in physical systems leads to salient phenomena at all scales, from the Higgs mechanism and the emergence of the mass of the elementary particles, to superconductivity and magnetism in solids. The hidden-order state arising below 17.5 K in URu2Si2 is a puzzling example of one of such phase transitions: its associated broken symmetry and gap structure have remained longstanding riddles. Here we directly image how, across the hidden-order transition, the electronic structure of URu2Si2 abruptly reconstructs. We observe an energy gap of 7 meV opening over 70% of a large diamond-like heavy-fermion Fermi surface, resulting in the formation of four small Fermi petals, and a change in the electronic periodicity from body-centred tetragonal to simple tetragonal. Our results explain the large entropy loss in the hidden-order phase, and the similarity between this phase and the high-pressure antiferromagnetic phase found in quantum-oscillation experiments.Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:4326. · 10.74 Impact Factor

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