Unified TeV scale picture of baryogenesis and dark matter.

Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 05/2007; 98(16):161301. DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.98.161301
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We present a simple extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model which provides a unified picture of cosmological baryon asymmetry and dark matter. Our model introduces a gauge singlet field N and a color triplet field X which couple to the right-handed quark fields. The out-of-equilibrium decay of the Majorana fermion N mediated by the exchange of the scalar field X generates adequate baryon asymmetry for MN approximately 100 GeV and MX approximately TeV. The scalar partner of N (denoted N1) is naturally the lightest SUSY particle as it has no gauge interactions and plays the role of dark matter. The model is experimentally testable in (i) neutron-antineutron oscillations with a transition time estimated to be around 10(10)sec, (ii) discovery of colored particles X at LHC with mass of order TeV, and (iii) direct dark matter detection with a predicted cross section in the observable range.

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    ABSTRACT: Late-decaying string moduli dilute the baryon asymmetry of the universe created in any previous era. The reheat temperature for such moduli is below a GeV, thus motivating baryogenesis at very low temperatures. We present an extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with TeV-scale colored fields that can yield the correct baryon asymmetry of the universe in this context. Modulus decay, which reheats the universe at a temperature below GeV, produces the visible sector fields and neutralino dark matter in non-thermal fashion. We discuss various possibilities for baryogenesis from TeV scale colored fields and show that they can generate an acceptable baryon asymmetry, while being compatible with phenomenological constraints like neutron-antineutron oscillation. Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures
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    ABSTRACT: We present an explicit model where the decay of an R-parity even scalar $S$ with ${\cal O}({\rm TeV})$ mass is the origin of non-thermal dark matter. The correct relic abundance can be produced for both large and small annihilation rates in accordance with the Fermi constraints on the annihilation cross-section. This scenario has advantages over that of non-thermal dark matter from modulus decay. First, branching ratio for production of R-parity odd particles can be made quite small by a combination of $S$ couplings to matter fields and kinematic suppression, enabling us to obtain the observed dark matter relic density in cases of thermal underproduction as well as overproduction. Second, gravitino production is naturally suppressed by the virtue of decaying scalar belonging to the visible sector. The decaying scalar $S$ can also successfully generate baryon asymmetry of the universe, and may provide an explanation for the baryon-dark matter coincidence puzzle.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 12/2012; 87(7).
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    ABSTRACT: It has been recently proposed that the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe may have its origin in “post-sphaleron baryogenesis” (PSB). It is a TeV scale mechanism that is testable at the CERN LHC and other low energy experiments. In this paper, we present a theory of PSB within a quark-lepton unified scheme based on the gauge group SU(2)L×SU(2)R×SU(4)c that allows a direct connection between the baryon asymmetry and neutrino mass matrix. The flavor changing neutral current constraints on the model allow successful baryogenesis only for an inverted mass hierarchy for neutrinos, which can be tested in the proposed long base line neutrino experiments. The model also predicts observable neutron-antineutron oscillation accessible to the next generation of experiments as well as TeV scale colored scalars within reach of the LHC.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 01/2009; 79(1).


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