Are all drug addicts impulsive? Effects of antisociality and extent of multidrug use on cognitive and motor impulsivity.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois - Chicago, Chicago, IL 60622, USA.
Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.44). 01/2008; 32(12):3071-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.04.017
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this investigation was to examine the influence of antisociality and extent of multidrug use on cognitive and motor impulsivity among substance-dependent individuals (SDIs) that used primarily cocaine and/or heroin. One hundred currently abstinent male SDIs participated in the study. Extent of multidrug use and degree of antisociality, assessed with the Socialization Scale of the California Psychological Inventory (So-CPI), were used to classify participants into one of four groups: high antisocial/low multidrug use, high antisocial/high multidrug use, low antisocial/low multidrug use, and low antisocial/high multidrug use. All subjects completed the Iowa Gambling Task to assess cognitive impulsivity and the Stroop Task to measure motor impulsivity. Contrary to expectations, antisociality was associated with more advantageous performance on the Iowa Gambling Task, independent of extent of multidrug use. In contrast, greater multidrug use was associated with general psychomotor slowing on the Stroop Task. Results suggest that a subclinical form of antisociality may have a paradoxically facilitating effect on decision-making and cognitive impulsivity among SDIs.

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Jun 2, 2014