Mutations in the RAD27 and SGS1 genes differentially affect the chronological and replicative lifespan of yeast cells growing on glucose and glycerol.

Institute of Microbiology, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, University of Oslo, Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, Oslo, Norway.
FEMS Yeast Research (Impact Factor: 2.44). 10/2007; 7(6):848-59. DOI: 10.1111/j.1567-1364.2007.00248.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Sgs1 protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a member of the RecQ helicases. Defects in RecQ helicases result in premature aging phenotypes in both yeasts and humans, which appear to be promoted by replicative stress. Yeast rad27 mutants also suffer from premature aging. As the human Rad27p and Sgs1p homologs interact, a similar interaction between the yeast proteins could be important for promoting longevity in S. cerevisiae. We tested the contribution of a potential interaction between Rad27p and Sgs1p to longevity by analyzing lifespan and parameters associated with longevity in rad27 and sgs1 mutants. The carbon source supporting growth also modulated longevity as evaluated by replicative and chronological lifespan measurements. Growth on glycerol promoted chronological lifespan, while maximum replicative lifespan was obtained with glucose-supported growth. In comparison to the individual mutants, the sgs1 rad27 double mutant displayed a shortened replicative lifespan and was also more sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. In addition to promoting replicative lifespan, the activity of Rad27p was critical for achieving full chronological lifespan. The rad27 mutants exhibited increased oxidative stress levels along with an elevated spontaneous mutation rate. Removal of Sgs1p activity additionally increased the oxidative stress and spontaneous mutation rate in rad27 mutants without affecting the chronological lifespan.

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