Article

[Clinical and psychological correlation in acne: use of the ECLA and CADI scales].

Département de Dermatologie, CHU Nantes, Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France.
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (Impact Factor: 0.67). 06/2007; 134(5 Pt 1):451-5.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The psychological consequences of acne are frequently unrelated to the severity of the actual lesions. Thus, a number of scales have been designed and validated to allow quantitation of the severity of acne, such as the ECLA scale (Echelle de Cotation des Lésions d'Acné or Acne Lesion Score Scale) while others are designed to evaluate quality of life, such as the CADI (Cardiff Acne Disability Index) questionnaire recently validated in the French language. The purpose of this study was to use both of these scales in individual applications in order to determine whether or not any correlation exists between the two specific tools and to determine the two groups of patients affected by acne.
One hundred and twenty-eight acne patients (21+/-6.8 years) seen by seven dermatologists were included in this study. The severity of their acne was evaluated using the ECLA scale; the seven participating dermatologists were trained in the use of this scoring system. In addition, patients completed the CADI quality-of-life questionnaire after their consultation. Each factor on the ECLA was compared with each item in the CADI questionnaire by means of analysis of variance.
There was no correlation between overall scores on the ECLA and CADI scales (r(2)=0.0242). However, a positive correlation was observed between overall CADI score and factors F1 and F3 in the ECLA scale (p=0.0085 and p=0.0373 respectively). In contrast, the global score on the ECLA scale was significantly correlated with item 5 of the CADI questionnaire, namely patients' perception of their acne (p=0.0035).
Acne, even in mild forms, has a detrimental psychological effect on patients. The ECLA score coupled with the CADI assessment system appear to be two useful and complementary scores for use in complete acne patient management.

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