Mannose-binding lectin deficiency--revisited.
ABSTRACT There is an emerging interest for mannose-binding lectin (MBL) due to its role in innate immunity. In this survey we present a mixture of old and new data describing the effect MBL polymorphisms may have on the level and function of the molecule. Three single nucleotide substitutions in exon 1 of the mbl2 gene cause a dominant decrease of functional MBL in the circulation. Additionally, promoter variants influence expression of MBL. It has been assumed that the structural variant alleles may disrupt the assembly of MBL trimers or accelerate the degradation of the protein, thereby causing the decrease in MBL serum concentrations. We have analysed 1183 different sera in a double sandwich antibody ELISA using the same antibody to capture and detect MBL and find the same results as have been presented previously showing that different MBL promoter alleles have profound effect of on the MBL serum concentration. The use of a new anti-MBL monoclonal antibody, however, has shown that the amount of MBL in the circulation is less dependent on the presence of structural variant alleles than previously anticipated. Molecular characterisation of MBL revealed that sera from donors homozygous for the normal MBL genotype predominantly contained high molecular weight MBL, while sera from individuals heterozygous for the variant alleles contained both high and low molecular weight MBL. The ratio between high and low molecular weight MBL was dependent on the MBL promoter type on the normal haplotype. Sera deriving from individuals homozygous for MBL variant alleles contained mainly low molecular weight MBL. Of the different oligomers of MBL only the high molecular weight forms bound mannan efficiently and activated complement. In contrast to a previous notion, we demonstrate that variant alleles give rise to relatively high levels of MBL in the circulation. However, the variant MBL has lower molecular weight and is dysfunctional compared to normal MBL. The physiological relevance of variant MBL remains to be established.
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ABSTRACT: Polymorphism in the MBL2 gene lead to MBL deficiency, which has been shown to increase susceptibility to various bacterial, viral and parasitic infections. We assessed role of MBL deficiency in HIV-1 and schistosoma infections in Zimbabwean adults enrolled in the Mupfure Schistosomiasis and HIV Cohort (MUSH Cohort). HIV-1, S. haematobium and S. mansoni infections were determined at baseline. Plasma MBL concentration was measured by ELISA and MBL2 genotypes determined by PCR. We calculated and compared the proportions of plasma MBL deficiency, MBL2 structural variant alleles B (codon 54A>G), C (codon 57A>G), and D (codon 52T>C) as well as MBL2 promoter variants -550(H/L), -221(X/Y) and +4(P/Q) between HIV-1 and schistosoma co-infection and control groups using Chi Square test. We assessed 379 adults, 80% females, median age (IQR) 30 (17-41) years. HIV-1, S. haematobium and S. mansoni prevalence were 26%, 43% and 18% respectively in the MUSH baseline survey. Median (IQR) plasma MBL concentration was 800μg/L (192-1936μg/L). Prevalence of plasma MBL deficiency was 18% with high frequency of the C (codon 57G>A) mutant allele (20%). There was no significant difference in median plasma MBL levels between HIV negative (912μg/L) and HIV positive (688μg/L), p = 0.066. However plasma MBL levels at the assay detection limit of 20μg/L were more frequent among the HIV-1 infected (p = 0.007). S. haematobium and S. mansoni infected participants had significantly higher MBL levels than uninfected. All MBL2 variants were not associated with HIV-1 infection but promoter variants LY and LL were significantly associated with S. haematobium infection. Our data indicate high prevalence of MBL deficiency, no evidence of association between MBL deficiency and HIV-1 infection. However, lower plasma MBL levels were protective against both S. haematobium and S. mansoni infections and MBL2 promoter and variants LY and LL increased susceptibility to S. haematobium infection.PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(4):e0122659. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0122659 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a member of innate immune system that activates complement system through lectin pathway. MBL deficiency is associated with susceptibility to infectious diseases. In this study, the relation between MBL gene polymorphism and chronic hepatitis B infection in children is evaluated. The study included 67 children with chronic hepatitis B and 99 healthy controls. The hepatitis B patients were divided into immuntolerant, chronic inactive, and treatment groups according to their laboratory findings. MBL gene codon 52, 54, and 57 polymorphisms were studied with polymerase chain reaction in all patients and controls. The associations of MBL gene polymorphism with clinical, laboratory, and histopathologic findings were evaluated. Homozygous codon 54 polymorphism of MBL was found significantly higher in chronic hepatitis B patients than controls. Rate of the polymorphism was similar in all groups and, responsive and nonresponsive patients in the treatment group. The hepatitis B patients who are homozygous for codon 54 of MBL are prone to develop chronic infection. Longitudinal studies with larger groups are needed.Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2015; 21(2):84-9. DOI:10.4103/1319-3767.153825 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the association of the G54D (rs1800450) polymorphism of the gene MBL2 in the gestational diabetes mellitus with the need for additional treatment and the occurrence of large newborns for the gestational age. Subjects and methods One hundred and five patients recruited in Joinville - Brazil were evaluated between November 2010 and October 2012. Pregnant women were divided in two groups correspondents to the presence (n = 37) or absence (n = 68) of the mutant allele. The variants of the polymorphism G54D were identified by restriction fragment lengths polymorphisms (RFLP). Anthropometric and biochemical parameters of the mother and the newborn, and the necessity of additional therapy associated with diet were assessed as the primary outcomes. Results Thirty-five point two percent of the evaluated patients carried at least one mutated allele of G54D polymorphism. There were no significant differences in weight gain, parity, age, body mass index and gestational age of arrival at maternity between the two groups. The groups of patients with or without the mutated allele did not differ in the need for additional treatment associated with diet (16.2% vs. 26.7%) respectively and with the occurrence of large newborns for gestational age (24.3% vs. 13.2%). Conclusion Our data showed that the polymorphism G54D of the gene MBL2 had no effect in the need for additional treatment associated with the diet-based therapy and in the occurrence of large newborns for gestational age in the studied population. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):900-5.Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 12/2014; 58(9):900-5. DOI:10.1590/0004-2730000002819 · 0.68 Impact Factor