Experience of setting up a genitourinary medicine in-reach clinic in a male prison.
ABSTRACT A fortnightly in-reach genitourinary (GU) medicine Service to a medium security male prison has been provided since April 2004. Patients are seen either by referrals from the prison general practitioner (GP), or at an individual's request. Problems have arisen due to a lack of space and time - the health adviser and doctor have to share a room. Since the prisoners have to leave Health Care by 1130 hours, if one inmate has complicated issues, it can result in these not being dealt with, or in patients not being seen as there is no flexibility. There has been an unexpectedly high DNA rate, which is multifactorial. Some prisoners have been moved to another prison since the request to be seen was made, some are on court attendances or have legal visits. Additionally some men choose not to come when sent for on the day. A few men who attend do so mistakenly, thinking that GUM is the dentist. This is particularly a problem where English is not the first language. The attendance of prisoners at the GU medicine service is noted in their prison health record, with relevant information, such as referral for management of hepatitis C. Of the 219 men seen in the first year, 55% had a GU medicine screen. The most common infections were chlamydia 10.5%, warts 12.1% and HCV 9%. The clinic has been well supported by patients and prison staff. High rates of infections are being detected and managed. The men have been happy to be screened, and despite initial concerns all are happy to provide urine specimens for chlamydia screening.
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ABSTRACT: The Genitourinary (GU) Medicine Service was transferred from the Home Office to the NHS from April 2006 at this female prison to give prisoners access to the same quality of health care as the general public. Medline search showed no published data on the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female prisoners in the UK. The main aim was to develop a one stop sexual health shop and to determine the prevalence and risk factors for STIs, to determine the uptake rate for HIV testing, hepatitis B vaccination and cervical cytology along with requests for usage of contraceptive services. Challenges were met when introducing change to bring the services in line with the local GU medicine clinic. Review of the service at one year along with retrospective case note review from May 2006 to August 2007 was done. Of the 545 new patients seen, history of substance abuse, IVDU, sexual abuse, sex worker and past history of hepatitis C virus and chlamydia were 86%, 41%,12%, 6%, 17% and 24% respectively.The uptake rate for both STI screen and blood-borne viruses (BBVs) testing was high at 87% and 69.3% respectively. STI was diagnosed in 19.6%. Prevalence rates were: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) 8.2%, chlamydia 5.3%, gonorrhoea 0.2%, genital warts 5.3%, HIV 0.8%, hepatitis C virus 12% and hepatitis B virus 11%. The uptake rate for 1(st) dose hepatitis B vaccination and cervical cytology were 70% and 92% respectively, 36 accessed contraceptive services. Provision of one stop shop in a female prison is feasible and practical. STIs, particularly TV, and BBVs prevalence is high among the female inmates. Prevention methods targeting this population needs to be intensified.International Journal of STD & AIDS 10/2008; 19(9):586-9. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chlamydia trachomatis infection (CTI) is the most frequent sexually transmitted infection in Switzerland and its prevalence in correctional settings is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of CTI and associated risk factors in a population of inmates aged 18-35 years. Inmates attending the health care unit of the largest Swiss remand prison from June 2008 to May 2009 were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. All participants completed a questionnaire and provided a first-void urine specimen for CTI testing based on a PCR assay. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess risk factors associated with CTI. 214 male and 20 female inmates agreed to participate. Overall CTI prevalence was 6.5% in men (95% CI 3.2; 9.9) and 10% (95%CI 0; 23.1) in women. None of the following possible risk factors analysed were significantly correlated to CTI: age, origin, education, religion, number of sexual partners, iv drug use, subjective health status and uro-genital symptoms. CTI prevalence in the largest Swiss prison was two to six times higher than in the general population but similar to other European prison settings. This result should raise our awareness that this population is at particularly high risk for sexually transmitted infections and motivate a widespread surveillance of prison CT prevalence. We hesitate to consider systematic screening because evidence is still lacking in relation to the benefits of screening in males. Local cost effectiveness studies would highly contribute to a correct decision concerning implementation of screening.Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift 01/2010; 140:w13126. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a public health issue in prison. As inmates are eventually released, it is also a community concern. There are very few data on the entire spectrum of STDs, particularly condyloma among prisoners. To determine the prevalence of all STDs: infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoea, syphilis, and condyloma among entering inmates. A cross-sectional study was conducted in France from November 2000 to June 2003. Male adults entering a prison remand center in Caen had a medical consultation and physical examination including external genital organs and perianal area for condyloma and herpes infection, a urethral swab for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea detection, and a blood sample for HBV, HCV, HIV, and syphilis serology. Five hundred and ninety-seven inmates agreed to participate in the study. Sixteen percent had at least one STD: 4.0% had condyloma, 4.0% chlamydia infection, and 4.9% were positive for HCV antibodies. Two had early syphilis and 1 had acute HBV, but no HIV infection, neither genital herpes nor gonorrhea. The analysis of the STD risk behaviors did not show any difference between the infected and uninfected participants, except that HCV-positive participants were more likely to be intravenous drug users. Results suggest that a systematic screening of all STDs should be at least proposed to every entering inmate since no demographic or sexual characteristics are consistently associated with STDs.European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 12/2008; 28(4):409-13. · 3.02 Impact Factor