Muscle intermediate filaments and their links to membranes and membranous organelles.

Cell Biology Division, Center of Basic Research, Biomedical Research Foundation Academy of Athens, Soranou Efessiou 4, 12965 Athens, Greece.
Experimental Cell Research (Impact Factor: 3.37). 07/2007; 313(10):2063-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2007.03.033
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intermediate filaments (IFs) play a key role in the integration of structure and function of striated muscle, primarily by mediating mechanochemical links between the contractile apparatus and mitochondria, myonuclei, the sarcolemma and potentially the vesicle trafficking apparatus. Linkage of all these membranous structures to the contractile apparatus, mainly through the Z-disks, supports the integration and coordination of growth and energy demands of the working myocyte, not only with force transmission, but also with de novo gene expression, energy production and efficient protein and lipid trafficking and targeting. Desmin, the most abundant and intensively studied muscle intermediate filament protein, is linked to proper costamere organization, myoblast and stem cell fusion and differentiation, nuclear shape and positioning, as well as mitochondrial shape, structure, positioning and function. Similar links have been established for lysosomes and lysosome-related organelles, consistent with the presence of widespread links between IFs and membranous structures and the regulation of their fusion, morphology and stabilization necessary for cell survival.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Desmin is a muscle-specific type III intermediate filament essential for proper muscular structure and function. In human, mutations affecting desmin expression or promoting its aggregation lead to skeletal (desmin-related myopathies), or cardiac (desmin-related cardiomyopathy) phenotypes, or both. Patient muscles display intracellular accumulations of misfolded proteins and desmin-positive insoluble granulofilamentous aggregates, leading to a large spectrum of molecular alterations. Increasing evidence shows that desmin function is not limited to the structural and mechanical integrity of cells. This novel perception is strongly supported by the finding that diseases featuring desmin aggregates cannot be easily associated with mechanical defects, but rather involve desmin filaments in a broader spectrum of functions, such as in organelle positioning and integrity and in signaling. Here, we review desmin functions and related diseases affecting striated muscles. We detail emergent cellular functions of desmin based on reported phenotypes in patients and animal models. We discuss known desmin protein partners and propose an overview of the way that this molecular network could serve as a signal transduction platform necessary for proper muscle function.
    Cell and Tissue Research 10/2014; · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Focal adhesions are localized actin filament-anchoring signalling centres at the cell–extracellular matrix interface. The currently emerging view is that they fulfil an all-embracing coordinating function for the entire cytoskeleton. This review highlights the tight relationship between focal adhesions and the intermediate filament cytoskeleton. We summarize the accumulating evidence for direct binding of intermediate filaments to focal adhesion components and their mutual cross-talk through signalling molecules. Examples are presented to emphasize the high degree of complexity of these interactions equipping cells with a precisely controlled machinery for context-dependent adjustment of their biomechanical properties.
    Current Opinion in Cell Biology 02/2015; 32. · 8.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: α-Synemin contains a unique 312 amino acid insert near the end of its C-terminal tail. Therefore we set out to determine if the insert is a site of protein-protein interaction that regulates the sub-cellular localization of this large isoform of synemin. Yeast-two hybrid analysis indicated that this region is a binding site for the M10 region of titin. This was confirmed with GST pull-down assays. Co-immunoprecipitation of endogenous proteins indicated close association of the two proteins in vivo and immunostaining of cardiomyocytes demonstrated co-localization of the proteins at the M-band of the sarcomere. Copyright © 2014 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    FEBS Letters 11/2014; · 3.34 Impact Factor


Available from
Feb 26, 2015