Article

Update on Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies, anti-nuclear associated anti-neutrophil antibodies and antibodies to exocrine pancreas detected by indirect immunofluorescence as biomarkers in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases: results of a multicenter study.

Laboratoire d'Immunologie, CHU de la Conception, 147, Bd Baille, Marseille 13005, France.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.43). 05/2007; 13(16):2312-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA), anti-nuclear associated anti-neutrophil antibodies (NANA) and antibodies to exocrine pancreas (PAB), are serological tools for discriminating Crohn's disease (CrD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Like CrD, coeliac disease (CoD) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associated with (auto) antibodies. Performing a multicenter study we primarily aimed to determine the performance of ASCA, NANA and PAB tests for IBD diagnosis in children and adults, and secondarily to evaluate the prevalence of these markers in CoD.
Sera of 109 patients with CrD, 78 with UC, 45 with CoD and 50 healthy blood donors were retrospectively included. ASCA, NANA and PAB were detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF).
ASCA+/NANA- profile displayed a positive predictive value of 94.2% for CrD. Detection of ASCA was correlated with a more severe clinical profile of CrD and treatment of the disease did not influence their serum levels. ASCA positivity was found in 37.9% of active CoD. PAB were found in 36.7% CrD and 13.3% CoD patients and were not correlated with clinical features of CrD, except with an early onset of the disease. Fifteen CrD patients were ASCA negative and PAB positive.
ASCA and PAB detected by IIF are specific markers for CrD although their presence does not rule out a possible active CoD. The combination of ASCA, NANA and PAB tests improves the sensitivity of immunological markers for CrD. Repeating ASCA, NANA, and PAB testing during the course of CrD has no clinical value.

0 Followers
 · 
173 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic and environmental studies implicate immune pathologies in schizophrenia. The body's largest immune organ is the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Historical associations of GI conditions with mental illnesses predate the introduction of antipsychotics. Current studies of antipsychotic-naïve patients support that gut dysfunction may be inherent to the schizophrenia disease process. Risk factors for schizophrenia (inflammation, food intolerances, Toxoplasma gondii exposure, cellular barrier defects) are part of biological pathways that intersect those operant in the gut. Central to GI function is a homeostatic microbial community, and early reports show that it is disrupted in schizophrenia. Bioactive and toxic products derived from digestion and microbial dysbiosis activate adaptive and innate immunity. Complement C1q, a brain-active systemic immune component, interacts with gut-related schizophrenia risk factors in clinical and experimental animal models. With accumulating evidence supporting newly discovered gut-brain physiological pathways, treatments to ameliorate brain symptoms of schizophrenia should be supplemented with therapies to correct GI dysfunction.
    Current Psychiatry Reports 05/2015; 17(5):574. DOI:10.1007/s11920-015-0574-0 · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antibodies against Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) and Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C (anti-OmpC) are known to be detectable in the serum of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) but display a very poor sensitivity for the disease especially in forms with isolated colonic involvement. In this study we aimed at evaluating performances of these markers in supernatant of cultured colonic biopsies. Patients with colonic CD (n = 67), ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 35) and control individuals (n = 37) were prospectively recruited for colonoscopy pinch biopsies and blood sampling. Serum and supernatant of culture tissues were analyzed for ASCA and anti-OmpC. Direct immunofluorescence was also performed on colonic tissues for total IgA detection. We detected for the first time ASCA IgA/IgG and anti-OmpC IgA in cultured colonic tissue supernatants. For both markers, sensitivities for diagnosing CD were better in supernatants (ASCA: 53.7%, anti-OmpC: 28.4%) than in serum (ASCA: 31.3%, anti-OmpC: 22.4%). Combination of results from a panel of these tests gave the greatest sensitivity ever described for CD diagnosis in colonic forms (70.2%). In this study, we described, for the first time, ASCA in supernatant of colonic tissue cultures. This assaying approach in CD diagnosis should be taken into consideration in the future especially in CD forms with isolated colonic involvement.
    PLoS ONE 11/2013; 8(11):e80433. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0080433 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In about 10-15% of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) there is no clear definitive differential diagnosis between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) and the disease is classified as indeterminate colitis. Since pharmacological and surgical treatments differ in CD and UC, establishing a correct diagnosis is critical. The aim of this work was to access the expression profile of proteins involved in colonic inflammation and cancer in samples from CD and UC. For that, colon samples from 24 CD, 21 UC and 10 control patients were processed for immunohistochemistry using anti-phosphorylated RB at Ser(807/811) and anti-β-catenin. Crypts were blinded, analyzed and counted for phosphorylated RB-positive (phospho-RB) cells or scored for positive β-catenin staining. Western blot was used for confirming immuhistochemical results: RB phosphorylation was significantly greater in colon samples from patients with CD compared with UC (p<0.005). In contrast, the expression of β-catenin was significantly increased in UC compared with CD (p<0.005) samples. Phospho-RB and β-catenin are negatively correlated (CC: -0.573; p = 0.001). A positive phospho-RB test yielded high levels of sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and accuracy for the diagnosis of CD against UC. This work indicates that RB phosphorylation and β-catenin nuclear translocation are differently expressed in CD and UC, and provide novel insights into the pathogenic mechanisms of IBD. In particular, rates of phospho-RB-positive cells in mucosal samples emerge as a promising tool for the differential diagnosis of patients with IBD.
    PLoS ONE 08/2013; 8(8):e70786. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0070786 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
3 Downloads
Available from