Interfacial morphology of self-etching adhesive systems in dentin.
ABSTRACT To portray and assess the interfacial morphology achieved with self-etching systems in dentin under observation by scanning electron microscopy.
Ten caries-free extracted erupted human third molars were used in this study. The occlusal enamel was removed, and 10 dentin disks with a thickness of 800 +/- 200 Microm were obtained by slow-speed sectioning with a diamond saw parallel to the occlusal surface. A standard smear layer was created on the occlusal surface by wet sanding with 600-grit sandpaper for 60 seconds. The dentin disks were randomly assigned to one of the systems: AdheSE (Ivoclar Vivadent), Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch (Kerr), Tyrian SPE (Bisco) as self-etching primers, and Adper Prompt Self-Etch (3M Espe) and One-Up Bond F (Tokuyama) as self-etching adhesives. All systems were applied according to the manufacturers' instructions. After application of the adhesive systems, a 1.0-mm-thick layer of a flowable composite resin (Filtek Flow; 3M Espe) was applied to the treated dentin surface and light cured for 40 seconds. The specimens were then processed for observation by scanning electron microscopy.
All self-etching systems achieved the formation of sealed interfaces and hybridized areas with variable extents except for the self-etching adhesive One-Up Bond F, which showed some gap formation and poor hybridization. Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch presented a more consistent adhesive interface with thicker hybrid layers, numerous resin tags, and lateral branches.
Regarding the micromorphology aspect, Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch showed the finest result, while One-Up Bond F was not able to produce a satisfactory ultrastructural morphology.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives This literature review summarizes the main aspects involved in the process of adhesion to enamel and dentin and focuses the reader's attention on the evolution of self-etch systems, highlighting their chemical and bond properties and applications in the clinical practice. Materials and methods An online search of keywords on the PubMed database was performed to search for scientific articles (reviews, original articles) published in recent years regarding self-etch adhesives. Results Multiple laboratory and clinical studies described adhesion mechanisms of self-etch adhesives. The majority of these publications found a higher bond quality of self-etch adhesive to dentin, while the bond to enamel remained questionable, especially for single step adhesives. Conclusions The self-etch technique is considered a valid dental adhesion approach from a restorative standpoint.Dental Cadmos 06/2014; 82(6):410–417. DOI:10.1016/S0011-8524(14)70189-8
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ABSTRACT: Los sistemas adhesivos autograbadores han permitido mejorar los procedimientos clínicos tanto en la evolución de los componentes y su funcionamiento, como en la disminución del tiempo operatorio de aplicación de cada uno de ellos. Estos sistemas han sido sometidos en la última década a constantes pruebas clínicas y de laboratorio, con el objetivo de valorar su desempeño. Sus múltiples ventajas contrastan con su baja efectividad en cuanto resistencia de unión y su permeabilidad que permite formar gotas de agua en la interfase adhesiva favoreciendo la nanofiltración. Como los sistemas adhesivos autograbadores presentan menor confiabilidad en cuanto a resistencia de unión y nanofiltración, comparados con los adhesivos de cuarta y quinta generación, son estos los que se mantienen como estándar de oro para estudios comparativos, ya que continúan con el protocolo de grabado ácido con ácido ortofosfórico al 35 o 37%. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión es presentar la evolución de los sistemas adhesivos autograbadores y discutir las variables de resistencia de unión y nanofiltración que intervienen en su pobre desempeño, permitiendo al clínico tener fundamentos para la crítica y adecuada selección del sistema adhesivo empleado.12/2012; 24(1):133-150.
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effects of blood contamination and decontamination methods during different steps of bonding procedures on the microtensile bond strength of two-step self-etch adhesives to dentin. Sixty extracted human molars were ground flat to expose occlusal dentin. The 60 molars were randomly assigned to three groups, each treated with a different two-step self-etch adhesive: Clearfil SE Bond, AdheSE and Tyrian SPE. In turn, these groups were subdivided into five subgroups (n = 20), each treated using different experimental conditions as follows: control group-no contamination; contamination group 1-CG1: primer application/ contamination/primer re-application; contamination group 2-CG2: primer application/contamination/wash/dry/primer re-application; contamination group 3-CG3: primer application/adhesive application/light curing/contamination/ adhesive re-application/light curing; contamina- tion group 4-CG4: primer application/adhesive application/light curing/contamination/wash/ dry/adhesive re-application/light curing. Composite buildup was performed using Z250. After 24 hours of storage in distilled water at 37 degrees C, the bonded specimens were trimmed to an hourglass shape and serially sectioned into slabs with 0.6 mm2 cross-sectional areas. Microtensile bond strengths (MTBS) were assessed for each specimen using a universal testing machine. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by a post hoc LSD test. SEM evaluations of the fracture modes were also performed. The contaminated specimens showed lower bond strengths than specimens in the control group (p < 0.05), with the exception of CG1 in the Clearfil SE group and CG2 and CG3 in the Tyrian SPE group. Among the three self-etch adhesives, the Tyrian SPE group exhibited a significantly lower average MTBS compared to the Clearfil SE Bond and AdheSE (p < 0.05) groups. Based on the results of the current study, it was found that blood contamination reduced the MTBS of all three self-etch adhesives to dentin, and water-rinsing was unable to overcome the effects of blood contamination.Operative Dentistry 05/2010; 35(3):330-6. DOI:10.2341/09-244-L · 1.27 Impact Factor