To portray and assess the interfacial morphology achieved with self-etching systems in dentin under observation by scanning electron microscopy.
Ten caries-free extracted erupted human third molars were used in this study. The occlusal enamel was removed, and 10 dentin disks with a thickness of 800 +/- 200 Microm were obtained by slow-speed sectioning with a diamond saw parallel to the occlusal surface. A standard smear layer was created on the occlusal surface by wet sanding with 600-grit sandpaper for 60 seconds. The dentin disks were randomly assigned to one of the systems: AdheSE (Ivoclar Vivadent), Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch (Kerr), Tyrian SPE (Bisco) as self-etching primers, and Adper Prompt Self-Etch (3M Espe) and One-Up Bond F (Tokuyama) as self-etching adhesives. All systems were applied according to the manufacturers' instructions. After application of the adhesive systems, a 1.0-mm-thick layer of a flowable composite resin (Filtek Flow; 3M Espe) was applied to the treated dentin surface and light cured for 40 seconds. The specimens were then processed for observation by scanning electron microscopy.
All self-etching systems achieved the formation of sealed interfaces and hybridized areas with variable extents except for the self-etching adhesive One-Up Bond F, which showed some gap formation and poor hybridization. Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch presented a more consistent adhesive interface with thicker hybrid layers, numerous resin tags, and lateral branches.
Regarding the micromorphology aspect, Optibond Solo Plus-Self-Etch showed the finest result, while One-Up Bond F was not able to produce a satisfactory ultrastructural morphology.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unreacted monomers in adhesive systems may cause a reduction in material properties, an increase in the long-term instability of the restoration, and pulpal irritation. The degree of dentine demineralization, adhesive penetration, and the degree of conversion (DC) across the dentine-adhesive interface of self-etch adhesives were measured using micro-Raman spectroscopy. Two-step, self-etch AdheSE, one-step self-etch AdheSE One, and etch-and-rinse Excite (control) (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were studied. Nine human molars were allocated to three groups and a flat dentine surface was prepared. A smear layer was produced by grinding dentine with 600-grit silicone-carbide discs under water. After application and polymerization of the adhesive, teeth were sectioned to produce four 1-mm-thick slices per tooth for micro-Raman spectroscopy. There were statistically significant differences in the depth of dentine demineralization between all adhesives. The depth and degree of demineralization decreased in the order: Excite>AdheSE>AdheSE One. The mean +/- standard deviation (SD) values for DC within the adhesive layer were 85.2 +/- 2.9% (Excite), 81.4 +/- 4.2% (AdheSE), and 54.3 +/- 10.1% (AdheSE One), and within the hybrid layer were 55.2 +/- 22.5% (Excite), 65.1 +/- 16.9% (AdheSE), and 42.0 +/- 16.2% (AdheSE One). All systems showed a discrepancy between dentine demineralization and adhesive penetration. A significant amount of unreacted monomers were associated with all systems but particularly with the etch-and-rinse system.
European Journal Of Oral Sciences 04/2008; 116(2):177-83. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0722.2008.00525.x · 1.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effects of blood contamination and decontamination methods during different steps of bonding procedures on the microtensile bond strength of two-step self-etch adhesives to dentin. Sixty extracted human molars were ground flat to expose occlusal dentin. The 60 molars were randomly assigned to three groups, each treated with a different two-step self-etch adhesive: Clearfil SE Bond, AdheSE and Tyrian SPE. In turn, these groups were subdivided into five subgroups (n = 20), each treated using different experimental conditions as follows: control group-no contamination; contamination group 1-CG1: primer application/ contamination/primer re-application; contamination group 2-CG2: primer application/contamination/wash/dry/primer re-application; contamination group 3-CG3: primer application/adhesive application/light curing/contamination/ adhesive re-application/light curing; contamina- tion group 4-CG4: primer application/adhesive application/light curing/contamination/wash/ dry/adhesive re-application/light curing. Composite buildup was performed using Z250. After 24 hours of storage in distilled water at 37 degrees C, the bonded specimens were trimmed to an hourglass shape and serially sectioned into slabs with 0.6 mm2 cross-sectional areas. Microtensile bond strengths (MTBS) were assessed for each specimen using a universal testing machine. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by a post hoc LSD test. SEM evaluations of the fracture modes were also performed. The contaminated specimens showed lower bond strengths than specimens in the control group (p < 0.05), with the exception of CG1 in the Clearfil SE group and CG2 and CG3 in the Tyrian SPE group. Among the three self-etch adhesives, the Tyrian SPE group exhibited a significantly lower average MTBS compared to the Clearfil SE Bond and AdheSE (p < 0.05) groups. Based on the results of the current study, it was found that blood contamination reduced the MTBS of all three self-etch adhesives to dentin, and water-rinsing was unable to overcome the effects of blood contamination.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examined the surface free-energy of dentin treated with the single-step self-etching adhesives Bond Force, Clearfil tri-S Bond, and G-Bond Plus. The labial dentin surfaces of bovine mandibular incisors were wet ground with #180-, #600-, and #2,000-grit silicon carbide paper. The adhesives were applied to the ground dentin, and then rinsed with acetone and distilled water. The surface free-energies were determined by measuring the contact angles of three test liquids placed on the adhesive-treated dentin. The surface free-energies of the samples treated with the G-Bond Plus and Clearfil tri-S Bond adhesives increased as the surface roughness decreased. No significant differences in the surface free-energy were found for the samples treated with the Bond Force adhesive, regardless of the surface roughness. These results indicated that dentin surfaces treated with adhesives did not promote a higher surface-energy state, and that differences in the components of surface energy were apparent for the adhesives tested.
European Journal Of Oral Sciences 10/2010; 118(5):525-30. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0722.2010.00771.x · 1.49 Impact Factor
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