Article

Social influences on cigarette initiation among college students.

College of Nursing and University Health Service, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
American journal of health behavior (Impact Factor: 1.31). 07/2007; 31(4):353-62. DOI: 10.5555/ajhb.2007.31.4.353
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine the relationship of demographic and social influence with initiation of cigarette use among undergraduates.
Students were mailed anonymous surveys including 437 participants who indicated that they had not smoked cigarettes before age 18. Of those, 107 became late initiators (24%), and 330 remained never smokers (76%).
Those who drank alcohol in college and had at least 1 parent with a college education were more likely to initiate smoking than were those who did not drink and neither parent had attended college.
Strategies that focus on reducing alcohol and tobacco use need to be tested.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
101 Views
  • Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology 06/2010; 23(2):105-111. · 0.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This observational, descriptive, transversal study sought to establish prevalence, frequency, risk factors and university context features in a private University in Bogota, Colombia, all associated to smoking in the University population (n=973) in 2008-2009. Results suggest confirming that experimenting with these substances is related to environmental variables such as availability and ease of Access, besides positive valuing practices towards smoking, exhibited by the participants' reference groups. We noticed that, whilst it is true that smoking may have been learnt before being a part of the University community, the University itself is a social reinforcement context, which encourages the excessive following of behavioural rules. It means that University context promotes social behaviour modes that lie under control of a history of correspondence between rules and natural contingencies in social interaction, as noticed by all groups when they pointed to social factors as the element with the most weight when deciding to smoke.
    Revista latinoamericana de psicología 04/2012; 44(1):97-110. · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The purposes of this study were to examine the contribution of each of the Transtheoretical Model components in explaining stages of smoking cessation and to identify factors associated with the smoking cessation behavior among Korean college students. Methods: The participants for this study were 334 undergraduate students who enrolled in general education courses. Self-report surveys were distributed and returned. The survey variables comprised the stages of change for smoking cessation, self-efficacy, decisional balances and processes of change in smoking cessation. Results: Significant differences were noted in the five stages of change for self-efficacy, decisional balance, and the processes of change. The strongest factor associated with the smoking cessation behavior was self-efficacy. Conclusion: Study findings indicate application of the Transtheoretical Model may be useful to enhance future smoking cessation efforts in college students. The strategies to enhance smoking cessation self-eficacy in college students will be an important intervention component in future studies.
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion. 01/2010; 27(5).

Full-text

Download
13 Downloads
Available from
Jul 25, 2014