Social Influences on Cigarette Initiation Among College Students

College of Nursing and University Health Service, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
American journal of health behavior (Impact Factor: 1.31). 07/2007; 31(4):353-62. DOI: 10.5555/ajhb.2007.31.4.353
Source: PubMed


To examine the relationship of demographic and social influence with initiation of cigarette use among undergraduates.
Students were mailed anonymous surveys including 437 participants who indicated that they had not smoked cigarettes before age 18. Of those, 107 became late initiators (24%), and 330 remained never smokers (76%).
Those who drank alcohol in college and had at least 1 parent with a college education were more likely to initiate smoking than were those who did not drink and neither parent had attended college.
Strategies that focus on reducing alcohol and tobacco use need to be tested.

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Available from: Melody Noland, Jul 25, 2014
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    • "Entre los determinantes del consumo se encuentran el género (los hombres fuman más), el bajo rendimiento académico, tener amigos fumadores, un alto nivel de ingresos (Saatci, Inan, Bozdemir, Akpinar & Ergun, 2004), las creencias, actitudes y beneficios del tabaquismo, en relación con el área emocional, la confianza en sí mismo y la imagen corporal (Budd & Preston, 2001), consumo excesivo de alcohol y un alto nivel educativo de los padres (Tamin, 2003). Otros predictores de corte cualitativo son la personalidad rebelde, la depresión, poca satisfacción en la universidad, pobres límites de los padres, y percepción de seguridad en relación con la experimentación (Choi, Harris, Okuyemi & Ahluwalia, 2003; Staten et al., 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: This observational, descriptive, transversal study sought to establish prevalence, frequency, risk factors and university context features in a private University in Bogota, Colombia, all associated to smoking in the University population (n=973) in 2008-2009. Results suggest confirming that experimenting with these substances is related to environmental variables such as availability and ease of Access, besides positive valuing practices towards smoking, exhibited by the participants' reference groups. We noticed that, whilst it is true that smoking may have been learnt before being a part of the University community, the University itself is a social reinforcement context, which encourages the excessive following of behavioural rules. It means that University context promotes social behaviour modes that lie under control of a history of correspondence between rules and natural contingencies in social interaction, as noticed by all groups when they pointed to social factors as the element with the most weight when deciding to smoke.
    Revista latinoamericana de psicología 04/2012; 44(1):97-110. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    • "American students may be legally targeted by tobacco companies at college-related or age-appropriate events where cigarettes may be distributed for free (Rigotti, Moran, and Wechsler, 2005). American (Hayes and Plowfield, 2007; Staten et al., 2007) and Mexican (Rasmussen-Cruz et al., 2006) college students report adopting smoking as a result of new peer-related pressure or to gain social support (Waters et al., 2006). New college-related stress (academic or social) has been related to the new onset of smoking behaviors in American (Otsuki et al., 2008) and Chinese students (Lin, Lou, andLiu, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The purposes of this study were to examine the contribution of each of the Transtheoretical Model components in explaining stages of smoking cessation and to identify factors associated with the smoking cessation behavior among Korean college students. Methods: The participants for this study were 334 undergraduate students who enrolled in general education courses. Self-report surveys were distributed and returned. The survey variables comprised the stages of change for smoking cessation, self-efficacy, decisional balances and processes of change in smoking cessation. Results: Significant differences were noted in the five stages of change for self-efficacy, decisional balance, and the processes of change. The strongest factor associated with the smoking cessation behavior was self-efficacy. Conclusion: Study findings indicate application of the Transtheoretical Model may be useful to enhance future smoking cessation efforts in college students. The strategies to enhance smoking cessation self-eficacy in college students will be an important intervention component in future studies.
    01/2010; 27(5).
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    • "Most of the research published focuses on high school students, even though tobacco initiation is not uncommon among higher education students [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Knowledge of the correlates of smoking is a first step to successful prevention interventions. The social norms theory hypothesises that students' smoking behaviour is linked to their perception of norms for use of tobacco. This study was designed to test the theory that smoking is associated with perceived norms, controlling for other correlates of smoking. In a pencil-and-paper questionnaire, 721 second-year students in sociology, medicine, foreign language or nursing studies estimated the number of cigarettes usually smoked in a month. 31 additional covariates were included as potential predictors of tobacco use. Multiple imputation was used to deal with missing values among covariates. The strength of the association of each variable with tobacco use was quantified by the inclusion frequencies of the variable in 1000 bootstrap sample backward selections. Being a smoker and the number of cigarettes smoked by smokers were modelled separately. We retain 8 variables to predict the risk of smoking and 6 to predict the quantities smoked by smokers. The risk of being a smoker is increased by cannabis use, binge drinking, being unsupportive of smoke-free universities, perceived friends' approval of regular smoking, positive perceptions about tobacco, a high perceived prevalence of smoking among friends, reporting not being disturbed by people smoking in the university, and being female. The quantity of cigarettes smoked by smokers is greater for smokers reporting never being disturbed by smoke in the university, unsupportive of smoke-free universities, perceiving that their friends approve of regular smoking, having more negative beliefs about the tobacco industry, being sociology students and being among the older students. Other substance use, injunctive norms (friends' approval) and descriptive norms (friends' smoking prevalence) are associated with tobacco use.University-based prevention campaigns should take multiple substance use into account and focus on the norms most likely to have an impact on student smoking.
    Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy 05/2009; 4(1):4. DOI:10.1186/1747-597X-4-4 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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