Optical fiber array for the delivery of high peak-power laser pulses for fluid flow measurements.
ABSTRACT Fiber delivery of 64.7 mJ laser pulses (approximately 6 ns duration) from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser operating at 532 nm is demonstrated. A custom diffractive optical element was used to shape the laser beam and facilitate coupling into a linear fiber array. This launch arrangement achieves an improvement in launch efficiency compared with a circular fiber bundle evaluated in previous work and the delivery of higher pulse energies is demonstrated. The bundle is capable of delivering light of sufficient pulse energy and, importantly, with suitable focusability, to generate a thin light sheet for the fluid flow measurement technique of particle image velocimetry (PIV). Fiber delivery offers an advantage, in terms of optical access, for the application of PIV to enclosed measurement volumes, such as the cylinder of a combustion engine.
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ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the design and implementation of a fiber-optic beam-delivery system using a large-aperture, tapered step-index fiber for high-speed particle-image velocimetry (PIV) in turbulent combustion flows. The tapered fiber in conjunction with a diffractive-optical-element (DOE) fiber-optic coupler significantly increases the damage threshold of the fiber, enabling fiber-optic beam delivery of sufficient nanosecond, 532-nm, laser pulse energy for high-speed PIV measurements. The fiber successfully transmits 1-kHz and 10-kHz laser pulses with energies of 5.3 mJ and 2 mJ, respectively, for more than 25 min without any indication of damage. It is experimentally demonstrated that the tapered fiber possesses the high coupling efficiency (~80%) and moderate beam quality for PIV. Additionally, the nearly uniform output-beam profile exiting the fiber is ideal for PIV applications. Comparative PIV measurements are made using a conventionally (bulk-optic) delivered light sheet, and a similar order of measurement accuracy is obtained with and without fiber coupling. Effective use of fiber-coupled, 10-kHz PIV is demonstrated for instantaneous 2D velocity-field measurements in turbulent reacting flows. Proof-of-concept measurements show significant promise for the performance of fiber-coupled, high-speed PIV using a tapered optical fiber in harsh laser-diagnostic environments such as those encountered in gas-turbine test beds and the cylinder of a combustion engine.Optics Express 02/2013; 21(3):3617-3626. · 3.53 Impact Factor
- Optical Engineering 01/2008; 47(7). · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is a successful flow mapping technique which can optically quantify large portions of a flow regime. This enables the method to be completely non-intrusive. The ability to be non-intrusive to any flow has allowed PIV to be used in a large range of industrial sectors for many applications. However, a fundamental disadvantage of the conventional PIV technique is that it cannot easily be used with flows which have no or limited optical access. Flows which have limited optical access for PIV measurement have been addressed using endoscopic PIV techniques. This system uses two separate probes which relay a light sheet and imaging optics to a planar position within the desired flow regime. This system is effective in medical and engineering applications. The present study has been involved in the development of a new endoscopic PIV system which integrates the illumination and imaging optics into one rigid probe. This paper focuses on the validation of the images taken from the novel single stem endoscopic PIV system. The probe is used within atomized spray flow and is compared with conventional PIV measurement and also pitot-static data. The endoscopic PIV system provides images which create localized velocity maps that are comparable with the global measurement of the conventional PIV system. The velocity information for both systems clearly show similar results for the spray characterization and are also validated using the pitot-static data.Measurement Science and Technology 05/2011; 22(6):064003. · 1.35 Impact Factor