Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on myocardial gene expression in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
ABSTRACT Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves echocardiographic measures of ventricular structure and function in the failing heart. To determine whether or not these changes are representative of true biologic reverse ventricular remodeling or simply an artifact of an improved contraction pattern, we evaluated changes in myocardial gene expression typical of reverse remodeling before and after chronic CRT.
Optimally medically treated patients with nonischemic heart failure meeting standard clinical criteria for CRT were enrolled. Before implantation of a CRT device, baseline echocardiogram and endomyocardial biopsies were obtained. These studies were repeated after 6 months of CRT. Using quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, the amount of messenger RNA for selected genes regulating contractile function (sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase, alpha- and beta-myosin heavy chain [MHC] isoforms, phospholamban [PLB]), and pathologic hypertrophy (beta-MHC and atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP]) was determined from biopsy samples. Changes in gene expression (baseline to 6 months) were determined and correlated to changes in echocardiographic remodeling parameters. Ten patients were enrolled in the study, with 7 completing both baseline and follow-up biopsies and echocardiograms. On average, a significant increase was observed in alpha-MHC and PLB gene expression from baseline to 6 months (P = .016 for both). Beta-MHC levels tended to decrease with CRT (P = .078). Increased alpha-MHC levels correlated best with decreases in left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (P = .073, r = -0.71) and reductions in mitral regurgitation. No significant correlation between ejection fraction and gene expression was found.
These changes in myocardial gene expression support the occurrence of reverse remodeling during chronic CRT. The changes are similar to those reported previously with beta-blockade, but were seen on top of standard drug therapies for heart failure.
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ABSTRACT: Cardiac conduction defects were found in transgenic mice deficient in urea transporter UT-B. To investigate the molecular mechanisms of the conduction defects caused by UT-B deletion, we studied the protein expression profiles of heart tissue (comprising most conduction system) in wild-type versus UT-B null mice at different ages. By two-dimensional electrophoresis-based comparative analysis, we found that more than dozen proteins were modulated (>two-fold) in the myocardium of UT-B null mice. Out of these modulated proteins, troponin T (TNNT2) presented significant changes in UT-B null mice at early stage prior to the development of P-R interval elongation, while the change of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) occurred only at late stage in UT-B null mice that had the AV block. These data indicate that UT-B deletion caused the dynamic expression regulation of TNNT2 and ANP, and these proteins may provide new clues to investigate the molecular events involved in cardiac conduction.Proteomics 02/2009; 9(3):504-11. · 4.43 Impact Factor
- Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1976; 11/1976
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ABSTRACT: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) induce reverse cardiac remodeling by reducing myocyte size and collagen deposition. On the other hand, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) induces reverse cardiac remodeling by improving electromechanical synchronization. The clinical and structural changes produced by CRT in failing myocardium are known, but whether these changes are accompanied by reverse cellular remodeling is unknown. A total of 12 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) who underwent CRT and 15 patients who had LVAD therapy as clinically indicated and 8 healthy controls were compared. Demographics, echocardiographic data, and histologic samples from myocardial biopsies were analyzed and compared among groups. The authors found significant increases in myocyte size, myocardial fibrosis, and inflammation in both CHF groups who underwent CRT or LVAD, compared with healthy controls. After CRT or LVAD therapy, a significant decrease in myocyte size and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) expression compared with healthy controls (P < .05) was found. In the CRT group, 6 of 8 patients demonstrated reduction in myocyte size and interstitial fibrosis. In addition, there was a decrease in myocyte size by 13%, total collagen by 27% and TNF-α by 49% in the CRT group vs 28%, 45%, and 45% in the LVAD group. CRT produces cellular reverse remodeling in failing human hearts that are comparable with those produced by LVAD therapy.Congestive Heart Failure 05/2011; 17(3):140-6.