[Surgical treatment and prognostic factors in colorectal cancer].
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to make a contribution to improve the care of patients with colorectal cancer by optimizing times and methods of the follow-up; particular attention is given to factors which may be important for the prognosis and for the quality of life in the immediate postoperative period.
The study includes all the patients with colorectal cancer who underwent laparotomic surgical treatment from 1996 to 2003. The total number of patients was 226 with an average age of 65 years; male to female ratio was 1.57:1. According to the stage of tumor, an adjuvant radiotherapeutic and/or chemiotherapeutic treatment was associated to surgery.
On the basis of the preoperative staging and tumor localization, our patients underwent: 3 total colectomies, 57 right hemicolectomies, 137 left hemicolectomies, 6 Hartmann resections, 19 Miles resections, 4 transverse resections.
The results obtained show that the 5-year overall survival is particularly influenced by the stage and the factors which directly or indirectly affect the primary tumor; thus the prognostic factors which should be considered for the survival and in the follow-up of these patients are: stage, grading and nodal involvement of the tumor.
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ABSTRACT: Significant progress in the knowledge of carcinogenesis and natural history of colorectal carcinoma (CRC), especially in polyp-cancer sequention and time for transition, are important prerequisites for a new approach to diagnosis. Surgical resection is the mainstay therapy for colorectal cancer, and pathologic assessment of the resected specimen provides data for assessment of outcome and rationale for adjuvant therapy. A pathology report includes TNM stage, tumor type, histologic grade, status of resection margins, and vascular invasion. Aim: The purpose of this paper was to highlight the pathological features and their correlations with postoperative evolution and prognosis of this cancer. Data was collected using the database system of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania. A total of 302 patients from January 2003 to December 2005 were included. The average survival for the entire group was 44.35 ± 28.94 months, and the D'Agostino-Pearson test for batch distribution showed abnormal distribution with two peaks, separated by a group of five patients who survived between 37 and 8 months. Fifty-one (38.05%) patients presented a median survival of 73.54 ± 10.47 months. Conclusions: Factors that contribute to a favorable prognosis in CRC are vegetant gross tumors and papillary microscopic forms, G1 and G2 degree of differentiation and disease diagnosed in stages I and II.Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie 01/2012; 53(2):383-91. · 0.62 Impact Factor