Prediction of anti-tumour effect of thermochemotherapy with in vitro thermochemosensitivity testing for non-small cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT We investigated whether it is possible to predict the antitumour effects of thermochemotherapy from the results of anticancer agent sensitivity testing.
We produced a nude mouse cancer model using 4 lung cancer cell lines. Animals were divided into 4 groups: Thermotherapy (HT group), chemotherapy (CT group), thermochemotherapy (HT+CT group), and no therapy (NT group). Comparison of in vivo and in vitro effects were performed using cisplatin (CDDP), doxorubicin (ADR) and vinorelbine (NVB). In vivo thermotherapy was performed using the Thermotron RF IV, and radiofrequency (RF) capacitative hyperthermia device that induces a localised temperature of 42.0 degrees C for 45 min. The collagen gel embedded culture drug sensitivity test (CD-DST) was used for in vitro chemosensitivity analysis of the anticancer agents. In vitro thermochemotherapy was performed using a modified CD-DST method, with the incubator set at 42.0 degrees for the first hour of the 24 hours drug exposure period.
A good correlation was seen between in vivo and in vitro treated/control ratios (T/C%) in the HT group (R = 0.91, p = 0.09). Good correlations were also seen between in vivo and in vitro T/C in all cell lines in the CT group (R = 0.759, p = 0.09) and the HT+CT group (R = 0.65, p = 0.02). True positive rate was 87.5% (7/8), and true negative rate was 100% (4/4). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 100% (7/7), 80% (4/5), and 91.7% (11/12) respectively.
A modified CD-DST using an exposure temperature of 42 degrees C can be used to predict the antitumour effect of thermochemotherapy.
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the application value of optimized treatment with radiofrequency (RF) thermotherapy and immunotherapy combined with CyberKnife for advanced high-risk tumors. The database of 1,013 patients with 2,136 tumor lesions and 1,237 target areas who underwent treatment with CyberKnife between November, 2010 and November, 2012, was retrospectively reviewed. We randomly assigned 505 eligible patients (observation group) to RF thermotherapy and adoptive immunotherapy with cytokine-induced killer cells and the remaining 508 patients (control group) to no adjuvant treatment. The patients in the two groups were recorded on efficacy assessment according to imageological examination, World Health Organization criteria, Karnofsky performance status, or radioimmunoassay (RIA) detection. The effective rate of the observation group was 75.05%, whereas that of the control group was 58.06% (P<0.05). The results revealed that CyberKnife combined with hyperthermia and biological therapy are highly effective in improving the local tumor control rate. Further analysis of the Karnofsky score and RIA detection confirmed that this type of combination therapy significantly improved the quality of life. The optimized treatment of RF thermotherapy and immunotherapy combined with CyberKnife may act synergistically in eliminating tumor cells, confirming the efficacy of this type of treatment for patients with advanced malignant tumors.Biomedical reports. 03/2014; 2(2):245-249.
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ABSTRACT: To observe the therapeutic efficacy of Danggui Buxue Decoction No.1 in treating patients of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at the peri-operational stage and its impact on the patients' immune function. Eighty-two NSCLC patients were randomly assigned to two groups equally, the control group and the test group, they were given conventional treatment, while to the test group, DB1 were given additionally. The observation was conducted by testing the changes of T-lymphocyte subsets, natural killer (NK) cell activity, serum levels of immunoglobulin (IgA, IgM, IgG), interleukin-2 (IL-2), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), cytokeratin fragment 19 (CYFRA21-1) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in NSCLC patients before and after administration of DB1, and analyzing the patients' general condition. The level of CD3(+), CD4(+), the ratio of CD4 and CD8(+), IgA, IgM, IgG and IL-2 decreased in patients with NSCLC on day 1 after operation, and the level of CD8 and TNF-alpha increased compared to pre-operation. While the levels of CD3(+), CD4(+), CD4 /CD8(+), NK cell activity, serum IgA, IgM, IgG, IL-2 began to elevate, CD8 and TNF-alpha levels began to decline in patients administered with DB1 on day 3 after the operation, earlier than patients who did not use the decoction. The level of CYFRA21-1 and CEA, was immediately decreased after operation in both groups. Applying DB1 to NSCLC patients at an early post-operational stage could alleviate the impairment and accelerate the recovery of immune function of patients to enhance their immunity. DB1 also shows an anti-tumor action to a certain degree.Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 07/2009; 15(3):184-8. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is responsible for at least 80% of all lung tumors and has a poor prognosis, since 75% of NSCLCs are first diagnosed at an advanced stage. This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of CyberKnife in combination with chemotherapy and hyperthermia for selected patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Clinical charts, imaging and pathology reports of patients with advanced NSCLC who underwent CyberKnife therapy in our Tumor Therapy Center were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical efficacy was evaluated for local control, Karnofsky performance status scale (KPS) and toxicity analysis. A total of 119 patients with 136 target areas were evaluated. A prescribed dose of 24-51 Gy to the gross tumor volume was delivered in 3-6 fractions. The median prescription dose was 35 Gy (mean, 34.73±4.80 Gy), with an average of five fractions. Patients, who voluntarily participated in the study, were assigned to one of three groups, which were as follows: CyberKnife therapy alone, CyberKnife combined with chemotherapy and CyberKnife combined with chemotherapy and hyperthermia. The median follow-up period was 6 months and curative efficiencies were 62.16, 71.79 and 90.70%, respectively, as determined by radiographic and clinical re-examinations. Patients treated by CyberKnife combined with chemotherapy and hyperthermia achieved optimal improvement in the aspect of KPS, which was statistically different compared to the other two groups (P<0.05). In conclusion, our results indicated that CyberKnife combined with chemotherapy and hyperthermia achieved favorable short-term outcomes and may be a more viable option for patients with advanced NSCLC. However, further investigations are required to evaluate long-term outcomes.Molecular and clinical oncology. 05/2013; 1(3):527-530.