Exploring the active site of acyl homoserine lactones-dependent transcriptional regulators with bacterial quorum sensing modulators using molecular mechanics and docking studies.
ABSTRACT A comparative molecular modelling study of acyl homoserine lactones-dependent transcriptional regulators (TraR, SdiA, LuxR and LasR) involved in bacterial quorum sensing (QS) revealed a high structural homology of their active site. Docking studies within the active site of TraR of fixed conformations obtained using molecular mechanics calculations showed that TraR, for which the crystalline structure is known, is a relevant model for the study of other protein-ligand interactions in the same protein family. Structure-activity relationships of AHLs derived QS modulators including carboxamides, sulfonamides and ureas were thus investigated. The results show that Tyr61, a residue conserved in the LuxR-proteins family, is involved in attractive interactions with aromatic carboxamide antagonists. Tyr53, Tyr61 and Asp70, conserved residues, are implicated in both the development of additional hydrogen bonds and attractive interactions with the N-sulfonyl homoserine lactones and AHLs derived ureas antagonists.
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ABSTRACT: A series of 22 novel synthetic N-acyl-homoserine lactone analogues has been evaluated for both their inducing activity and their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxo-hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural inducer of bioluminescence in the bacterium Vibrio fischeri. In the newly synthesized analogues, the extremity of the acyl chain was modified by introducing ramified alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl substituents at the C-4 position. Most of the analogues bearing either acyclic or cyclic alkyl substituents showed inducing activity. In contrast, the phenyl substituted analogues displayed significant antagonist activity. We hypothesized that the antagonist activity of the phenyl compounds may result from the interaction between the aryl group and aromatic amino acids of the LuxR receptor, preventing it from adopting the active dimeric form.Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 05/2002; 12(8):1153-7. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The three-dimensional structure of a complex between the N-terminal domain of the quorum sensing protein SdiA of Escherichia coli and a candidate autoinducer N-octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (C8-HSL) has been calculated in solution from NMR data. The SdiA-HSL system shows the "folding switch" behavior that has been seen for quorum-sensing factors produced by other bacterial species. In the presence of C8-HSL, a significant proportion of the SdiA protein is produced in a folded, soluble form in an E.coli expression system, whereas in the absence of acyl homoserine lactones, the protein is expressed into insoluble inclusion bodies. In the three-dimensional structure, the autoinducer molecule is sequestered in a deep pocket in the hydrophobic core, forming an integral part of the core packing of the folded SdiA. The NMR spectra of the complex show that the bound C8-HSL is conformationally heterogeneous, either due to motion within the pocket or to heterogeneity of the bound structure. The C8-HSL conformation is defined by NOEs to the protein only at the terminal methyl group of the octanoyl chain. Unlike other well-studied bacterial quorum sensing systems such as LuxR of Vibrio fischeri and TraR of Agrobacterium tumefaciens, there is no endogenous autoinducer for SdiA in E.coli: the E.coli genome does not contain a gene analogous to the LuxI and TraI autoinducer synthetases. We show that two other homoserine lactone derivatives are also capable of acting as a folding-switch autoinducers for SdiA. The observed structural heterogeneity of the bound C8-HSL in the complex, together with the variety of autoinducer-type molecules that can apparently act as folding switches in this system, are consistent with the postulated biological function of the SdiA protein as a detector of the presence of other species of bacteria.Journal of Molecular Biology 02/2006; 355(2):262-73. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Synthesis of bacterial luciferase in some strains of luminous bacteria requires a threshold concentration of an autoinducer synthesized by the bacteria and excreted into the medium. Autoinducer excreted by Photobacterium fischeri strain MJ-1 was isolated from the cell-free medium by extraction with ethyl acetate, evaporation of solvent, workup with ethanol-water mixtures, and silica gel chromatography, followed by normal-phase and then reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The final product was greater than 99% pure. The structure of the autoinducer as determined by high-resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and high-resolution mass spectrometry was N-(3-oxohexanoly)-3-aminodihydro-2(3H)-furanone [or N-(beta-ketocaproyl)homoserine lactone]. The formation of homoserine by hydrolysis of the autoinducer was consistent with this structure. Synthetic autoinducer, obtained as a racemate, was prepared by coupling homoserine lactone to the ethylene glycol ketal of sodium 3-oxohexanoate, followed by mildly acidic removal of the protecting group; this synthetic material showed the appropriate biological activity.Biochemistry 05/1981; 20(9):2444-9. · 3.38 Impact Factor