Fabrication of silica-coated magnetic nanoparticles with highly photoluminescent lanthanide probes

Department of Chemistry, Sogang University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
Chemical Communications (Impact Factor: 6.83). 05/2007; DOI: 10.1039/b617608a
Source: PubMed


Bi-functional nanoparticles (NPs) that consist of silica-coated magnetic cores and luminescent lanthanide (Ln) ions anchored on the silica surface via organic linker molecules are reported. Compared to individual Ln ions, the hybrid NPs show a drastically enhanced photoluminescence due to the efficient ligand-to-metal energy transfer in the Ln-loaded NPs: the new bi-functional NPs could be used in a variety of biological applications involving magnetic separation and optical detection.

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    • "A silica layer acts simultaneously as a protection layer with scaffold to modify organic molecules because of the hydroxyl groups on the surface. Organic molecules can be attached via covalent [1] or hydrogen bonding [2]. Furthermore, the control of a silica layer thickness should be also desired technology. "
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    Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 03/2009; 336(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfa.2008.11.013 · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized and silanized to form a core–shell (Fe3O4–SiO2) structure. Afterwards, surface modification with amino silane was carried out to produce amino groups on the MNPs for the biomolecule immobilization. In order to test the performance of amino functional MNPs as immobilization platform in biosensing applications, glucose oxidase was immobilized on the surface via glutaraldehyde. Obtained Bio-MNPs were then fixed onto the carbon paste electrode by the aid of magnetic force and used as the working electrode during the amperometric measurements at −0.7 V versus Ag/AgCl. After optimization of some parameters affecting the biosensor performance, analytical characterization was carried out. Linearity was found in the range of 0.25–2.0 mM glucose and defined by the equation of y = 8.366x + 1.819, (R 2 = 0.996). Proposed biosensor was then applied for the glucose analysis in various beverages. Finally, data were compared with a commercial enzyme assay kit based on spectrophotometric Trinder reaction as a reference method. Figure Schematic representation of the biosensing system based on core-shell modified magnetic nanoparticles
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    ABSTRACT: The tremendous developments of materials with fine tuning of the composition, shape, size and chemical functionalities at the nanometre scale has opened a wide range of applications in medicine. An overview of hybrid nanomaterials for applications in biological environment will be presented. The use of functional particles for medical imaging and therapy will be especially discussed. These functional systems usually require combination of different properties such as luminescence (imaging) or molecular recognition (targeting) and non-linear optical properties (therapy), together with size/shape control and biocompatibility (cells diffusion, solubility, biochemical stability). For example series of hybrid metal or oxide nanoparticles can be prepared for medical imaging. Some of them are already commercially available. The most recent work in this field will be presented and the future developments will be discussed. For example one can expect to combine several imaging techniques (multimodal contrast agents) or imaging and therapy in the same nanocomposite. The use of hybrid systems combining inorganic (metal or oxide) with their organic counterparts shows the most promising routes towards such applications in biological environment. New trends in the field of phototherapy will be discussed.
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