Twenty nail dystrophy trachyonychia: An overview

Dermato-Venereology (Skin/VD) Centre, Sehgal Nursing Home, Panchwati, Azadpur, Delhi, India.
The Journal of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 2.35). 07/2007; 34(6):361-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.2007.00289.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Twenty nail dystrophy (TND) trachyonychia, a fascinating clinical condition, was brought to focus 25 years ago. Ever since, it has been sparingly reported. Nonetheless, the condition is well-recognized and its diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical features characterized by onset in infancy/childhood, and occasionally in adults. The lesions are fairly representative, and are characterized by the alternating elevation and depression (ridging) and/or pitting, lack of luster, roughening likened to sandpaper, splitting, and change to a muddy grayish-white color. Dystrophy is prominent. Several modes of occurrence have been described including an hereditary component. The confirmation of diagnosis is through microscopic pathology corresponding either to endogenous eczema/dermatitis, lichen-planus like or psoriasic-form. It is a self-limiting condition and may occasionally require intervention.

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Aug 22, 2014