Human primary brain tumor cell growth inhibition in serum-free medium optimized for neuron survival
Departments of Neurology, Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Cell Biology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794-9626, USA.Brain Research (Impact Factor: 2.84). 08/2007; 1157(1):156-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.04.064
Glioblastoma is the most common primary brain tumor in adults from which about 15,000 patients die each year in the United States. Despite aggressive surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, median survival remains only 1 year. Here we evaluate growth of primary human brain tumor cells in a defined nutrient culture medium (Neuregen) that was optimized for neuron regeneration. We hypothesized that Neuregen would inhibit tumor cell growth because of its ability to inhibit gliosis in rat brain. Tumor tissue was collected from 18 patients including 10 males and 8 females (mean age 60+/-12 years) who underwent craniotomy for newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed brain tumors. The tissue was shipped overnight in Hibernate transport medium. Tumor cells were isolated and plated in Neurobasal/serum or Neuregen on culture plastic. After 1 week, growth in Neuregen was significantly less in 9/10 glioblastoma multiforme cases, 5/5 meningioma cases and 3/3 cases of brain metastasis. Analysis of deficient formulations of Neuregen and formulations to which selected components were added back implicate no single active component. However, individual cases were sensitive to corticosterone, selenium, ethanolamine, fatty acids and/or antioxidants. Therefore, a defined culture medium that promotes neuron regeneration inhibits the growth of human primary glioblastoma, meningioma and metastatic tumor cells in culture. The possible in vivo efficacy of Neuregen for treatment of brain tumor resections remains to be determined.
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ABSTRACT: Earlier we reported defects in D1 receptor function in renal proximal tubules (RPTs) of aged Fischer 344 (F344) and obese Zucker rats. However, the defects in the receptor function in RPTs of obese Zucker rats do not pass onto primary cultures of RPTs from these animals. Here, we determined whether the defects in D1 receptor function in RPTs of aged F344 rats pass onto the primary cultures. RPTs from aged (24-mo) and adult (6-mo) F344 rats were grown into primary cultures. The microscopic studies showed that cells in cultures from adult and old rats were healthy as determined by the shape and size of the cells and nuclei. D1 receptor agonist SKF-38393 produced inhibition of (86)Rb (rubidium) uptake, index of Na-K-ATPase activity, in cells from adult rats, but this was reduced in old rats. Also, SKF-38393 increased the [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding, index of receptor activation, in the membranes of cells from adult rats but to a lesser extent from old rats. Furthermore, there was a downward trend in the levels of D1 receptor numbers and in the receptor proteins in old rats. Interestingly, gp(91phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase and cellular protein carbonyl levels (oxidative stress marker) were higher in cultures from old rats. These results show that RPTs from adult and old F344 rats grow into epithelial cells in cultures. Furthermore, cells in cultures from old rats are at a higher level of oxidative stress, which may be contributing to the reduced D1 receptor function in the cells from old compared with adult rats.AJP Cell Physiology 10/2008; 295(5):C1326-31. DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00367.2008 · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The survival of rat C6 glioma decreased in the presence of implants from VT-16 titanium alloy. Diamond-like carbon coating of VT-16 alloy slightly increased cell death on day 5 of the experiment (39.9+/-2.1%). The percentage of dead C6 glioma cells inside titanium rings with diamond-like carbon coating, incorporating up to 3.5 atom.% Ag nanoparticles, was 53.7+/-4.3% on day 5 of culturing, while after doping to 6.7 atom.% Ag cell death reached 66.7+/-3.2% (p<0.05). The maximum toxic effect towards C6 glioma was detected in the specimens coated with diamond-like film with silver nanoparticles.Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 08/2009; 148(2):253-6. DOI:10.1007/s10517-009-0709-6 · 0.36 Impact Factor
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