Diffusion-weighted imaging of the prostate at 3 T for differentiation of malignant and benign tissue in transition and peripheral zones: preliminary results.
ABSTRACT To evaluate prospectively the use of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) for the differentiation of malignant and benign tissue in the transition (TZ) and peripheral (PZ) zones of the prostate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a phased-array coil.
The DWI at 3-T MRI was performed on a total of 35 patients before radical prostatectomy. A single-shot echo-planar imaging DWI technique with b = 0 and b = 1000 s/mm2 was used. The ADC values were measured in both benign and malignant tissues in the PZ and TZ using regions of interest. Differences between PZ and TZ ADC values were estimated using a paired Student t test. Presumed ADC cutoff values in the PZ and TZ for the diagnosis of cancer were assessed by receiver operating characteristic analysis.
The ADC values of malignant tissues were significantly lower than those of benign tissues in the PZ and TZ (P < 0.001; 1.32 +/- 0.24 x 10(-3) mm2/s vs 1.97 +/- 0.25 x 10(-3) mm2/s, and 1.37 +/- 0.29 x 10(-3) mm2/s vs 1.79 +/- 0.19 x 10(-3) mm2/s, respectively). For tumor diagnosis, cutoff values of 1.67 x 10(-3) mm2/s (PZ) and 1.61 x 10(-3) mm2/s (TZ) resulted in sensitivities and specificities of 94% and 91% and 90% and 84%, respectively.
The DWI of the prostate at 3T MRI using a phased-array coil was useful for the differentiation of malignant and benign tissues in the TZ and PZ.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of prebiopsy T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), quantitative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and the combination of these magnetic resonance (MR) techniques (T2WI+DWI) in the detection and localization of peripheral zone prostate cancer. T2WI and DWI (b value = 800 s/mm2) with an endorectal coil at 1.5 T were performed prospectively in 43 consecutive male patients with suspicion of prostate cancer before a systematic 12-core prostate biopsy. The peripheral zone of the prostate was evaluated after dividing it into sextants (n = 258). Minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of each sextant in the peripheral zone were measured. Two core biopsies were obtained from each sextant under transrectal ultrasound guidance. The mean minimum ADC values of the malignant sextants were significantly lower than that of noncancerous tissue, with a significant negative correlation between the ADC value and the Gleason score. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the detection and localization of prostate cancer within the peripheral zone were 71%, 77%, and 0.741 for T2WI alone; 84%, 82%, and 0.830 for quantitative DWI alone; and 81%, 92%, and 0.863 for T2WI+DWI, respectively. The use of quantitative DWI, alone or combined with T2WI, improved diagnostic performance in prostate cancer detection and localization compared with T2WI alone (P = 0.020 and P = 0.001, respectively). Prebiopsy DWI is valuable in detecting, localizing, and grading prostate cancer within the peripheral zone, and the lowest ADC values can indicate the regions to be biopsied.Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey) 06/2011; 17(2):130-4. · 1.10 Impact Factor
Article: Diffusion-weighted MR-imaging for the detection of pulmonary nodules at 1.5 Tesla: intraindividual comparison with multidetector computed tomography.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) MRI for detecting pulmonary nodules at 1.5 Tesla in comparison with standard multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Twenty patients with disseminated cancer disease in which MDCT had assured the presence of at least one pulmonary nodule were examined using a respiratory-gated DWI MR-sequence. Grey scale inverted source images and coronal maximum intensity projection (MIP) images were consensually analysed by two experienced radiologists. Size and location of any nodule detected were assessed. Additionally, the readers evaluated each hemithorax for the presence of at least one nodule and applied a four-point conspicuity scale (1-hemithorax definitely affected; 4-hemithorax definitely not affected). MDCT data served as reference. At MDCT, a total of 71 pulmonary noduIes was found (size 3-5mm, n=16; 6-9mm, n=22; ≥10mm, n=33). For the DWI MR-sequence, a sensitivity of 86.4% was calculated for nodules ranging 6-9mm and 97% for nodules ≥10mm. In contrast, only 43.8% of lesions ≤5mm was detected. The separate analysis of each hemithorax for the presence of at least one pulmonary nodule revealed a specificity rate, PPV and NPV of DWI-MR of 92.3%, 96% and 80%, respectively. Conclusions: The presented study is the first to confirm the diagnostic potential of DWI-MR in the detection of solid lung nodules. This technique allows for the detection of nodules ≥6mm with reasonably high sensitivity rates (>86%). The observation of false positive findings decreases the accuracy of this approach compared with MDCT.Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 06/2011; 55(3):266-74. · 0.87 Impact Factor
Article: Comparison of diagnostic and prognostic capabilities of ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT, ¹³¹I-scintigraphy, and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for postoperative thyroid cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The first aim of this study was to compare the detectability of metastasis of postoperative differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) among (131)I whole body scintigraphy (IWBS), fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT), and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). The second aim was to clarify the association between the image pattern and prognosis. We evaluated 70 postoperative DTC patients on both a patient basis and an organ basis (lymph nodes, lung, bone), and we analyzed the correlation between the image pattern and the prognosis. For the patient-basis analysis, the detectability by IWBS, PET/CT, and DWI was 67.1%, 84.2%, and 57.6%, respectively. IWBS provided complementary information to that provided by PET/CT in 11 of 70 (15.7%) cases. For the organ-basis analysis, IWBS was the best detector for lymph node metastasis (72.4%). PET/CT was superior to IWBS for detecting metastasis of bone (85.7% vs. 71.4%) and lung (94.1% vs. 62.7%). For the correlation analysis, PET and DWI positivity were the factors predicting a poor prognosis. PET/CT was the best modality for detecting metastases in postoperative DTC patients, although IWBS provided complementary information. Because PET/CT and DWI gave similar information (e.g., positivity) suggesting poor prognoses, the combination of IWBS and DWI might be the method of choice for monitoring postoperative DTC.Japanese journal of radiology 07/2011; 29(6):413-22. · 0.65 Impact Factor