Imiglucerase (Cerezyme((R))) improves quality of life in patients with skeletal manifestations of Gaucher disease
ABSTRACT Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) can be diminished in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease (GD) owing to the debilitating clinical manifestations of this chronic disease. This study investigates the impact of imiglucerase treatment on HRQOL of patients with type 1 GD and bone involvement. Thirty-two previously untreated type 1 GD patients with skeletal manifestations including bone pain, medullary infarctions, avascular necrosis, and lytic lesions received biweekly imiglucerase (at 60 U/kg). The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) was administered at regular intervals to assess HRQOL. Mean baseline SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) scores were diminished relative to US general population norms. Low PCS scores were more common in patients with medullary infarction, lytic lesions, and higher bone pain severity scores. Statistically significant improvements were observed for all eight SF-36 subscales after 2 years of treatment. Mean PCS and mental component summary (MCS) scores increased to within the normal range after 2 years of treatment and were maintained through year 4. Large HRQOL gains were observed even in patients with the most advanced disease and lowest baseline PCS scores. Imiglucerase treatment has a significant positive impact on HRQOL of type 1 GD patients with skeletal disease, including those with bone infarctions, lytic lesions, and avascular necrosis.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of long-term alglucerase/imiglucerase (Ceredase®/Cerezyme®, Genzyme, a Sanofi company, Cambridge, MA, USA) treatment on hematological, visceral, and bone manifestations of Gaucher disease type 1 (GD1). METHODS: The International Collaborative Gaucher Group (ICGG) Gaucher Registry identified GD1 patients treated with alglucerase/imiglucerase who had dose and clinical data at first infusion and after 10 years of follow-up. Data for hemoglobin, platelet count, organ volumes, bone pain, and bone crisis were analyzed. Tests of the null hypothesis (no change from first infusion to 10 years) were performed using t tests for within-patient absolute change in continuous measurements and McNemar/chi-square tests for change in distributions using categorical values. An alpha level of 0.05 designated statistical significance. RESULTS: As of October 2011, 557 nonsplenectomized and 200 splenectomized patients met the inclusion criteria. The majority of GD1 patients had at least one N370S allele. Compared with nonsplenectomized patients at first infusion, splenectomized patients had lower percentages of anemia (26.0 % vs. 42.8 %) and thrombocytopenia (14.2 % vs. 76.3 %), similar percentages of moderate or severe hepatomegaly (81.2 % vs. 80.0 %), and higher percentages of bone pain (88.9 % vs. 52.4 %) and bone crises (38.3 % vs. 16.0 %). After 10 years, both groups showed significant (p < 0.05) improvements in mean hemoglobin levels, platelet count, liver, and spleen (nonsplenectomized) volumes, and bone crises. Initial dosing in both groups ranged from <15 U/kg to ≤90 U/kg every 2 weeks. After 10 years, the majority was receiving 15 to ≤45 U/kg every 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: Ten years of imiglucerase treatment results in sustainable improvements in all GD1 parameters.Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 09/2012; 36(3). DOI:10.1007/s10545-012-9528-4 · 4.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV (MPSIV), also known as Morquio syndrome, is a progressive genetic condition which predominantly affects skeletal development. Research thus far has focused on physical manifestations, with little attention to psychological characteristics. As a first step in determining the natural occurrence of psychological symptoms in this population, we administered Achenbach measures of psychological functioning (ASEBA ASR and OASR), quality of life (SF-36), and pain severity (BPI) questionnaires to 20 adults with Morquio syndrome. 11/20 subjects (55%) scored within the symptomatic range on at least one or more ASEBA problem scales. These subjects also had higher pain severity scores (p = 0.051) and pain interference scores (p = 0.03) on the BPI. However, subjects with psychological symptoms did not differ significantly on QOL measures from those without psychological symptoms. Overall, subjects scored below the US mean only in physical health QOL (p < 0.001) on the SF-36, not mental health QOL. Implications of this study include the need for greater attention to psychological health in persons with Morquio syndrome, including regular assessment for psychological symptoms in addition to the quality of life measures typically used, as the latter may miss important information. Greater attention to psychological symptoms may help maximize overall health in adults with Morquio syndrome. Comparison with psychological studies on other lysosomal storage diseases suggests these results may be disease specific, rather than the result of living with chronic pain or having an LSD in general.
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ABSTRACT: Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of the enzyme acid beta-glucosidase (glucocerebrosidase) due to mutations in the GBA gene. The most common form (type I) is associated with severe hematologic, visceral and bone disease. Disease-modifying treatments, such as enzyme replacement therapy and substrate reduction therapy, can improve the hematologic and visceral aspects of the disease but success with improving severe osteopenia, which can increase the risk of fractures, is limited. Our case involves a patient with complex disease affecting bone health including Gaucher disease (type I), Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and corticosteroid use who did not respond to long term use of bisphosphonates. We report an improvement in bone mineral density and bone architecture commensurate with a reduced incidence of fractures in whom we used teriparatide (human parathyroid hormone (PTH; 1-34) to treat severe osteopenia. We conclude that teriparatide should be considered for further studies as an agent to improve bone mineral density in patients with Gaucher disease.