Switching antipsychotics as a treatment strategy for antipsychotic-induced weight gain and dyslipidemia.
ABSTRACT Patients taking antipsychotic medications for psychiatric disorders also have many risk factors for medical comorbidities and early death. While these risk factors were present before the arrival of the newer antipsychotic medications, the overall risk factor burden is exacerbated for those high-risk patients whose antipsychotic therapy causes or aggravates obesity or dyslipidemia. Therefore, there is an urgent need for effective interventions to address problems related to the additional iatrogenic burden from weight gain and dyslipidemias caused by antipsychotic medications. For patients with schizophrenia, complete discontinuation of antipsychotic therapy is not advisable and, therefore, pharmacologic options are narrowed to dose adjustments, adding adjunctive agents to induce weight loss, discontinuation of other adjunctive agents associated with weight gain, or changing the antipsychotic medication ("switching"). This article reviews the evidence showing that relative to other possible treatment options, switching to an antipsychotic with a lower propensity to induce weight gain or dyslipidemia can be effective for reversing the weight gain and dyslipidemia caused by previous antipsychotic treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Antipsychotics are effective drugs that are prescribed frequently for a large group of patients. However, they also have many side-effects which can lead ultimately to serious somatic complications. These complications fall into various categories: metabolic, cardiovascular, neurobiological, haematological, gastro-intestinal and urogenital. To make an inventory of the side-effects and advise on ways of monitoring and preventing them. method The multidisciplinary working group on somatic complications arising from the use of antipsychotics (Werkgroep Somatische Complicaties) has collected literature on the subject and has discussed it at a number of consensus meetings. results The most frequent somatic complications are described on the basis of specific risk profiles and advice is given on how to identify these complications and on how to treat them when necessary. It is essential to monitor, systematically and regularly, somatic complications arising from the use of antipsychotics; furthermore, polypharmacy should be avoided. The person ultimately responsible for this is the doctor who has prescribed the antipsychotics. In addition, it is important to draw patients' attention to the general rules for a healthy lifestyle: no smoking, a balanced diet and adequate exercise. It is very important that somatic complications should be monitored carefully and accurately. So far, the Netherlands has no official guidelines on ways to identify and treat somatic complications.Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie 02/2008; 50(9):579-91.
- Psychiatric Disorders - Worldwide Advances, 10/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-833-5
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ABSTRACT: To identify patient characteristics and early changes in patients' clinical status that best predict subsequent switching of antipsychotic agents in the long-term treatment of schizophrenia. This post-hoc analysis used data from a one-year randomized, open-label, multisite study of antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia. The study protocol permitted switching of antipsychotics when clinically warranted after the first eight weeks. Baseline patient characteristics were assessed using standard psychiatric measures and reviews of medical records. The prediction model included baseline sociodemographics, comorbid psychiatric and non-psychiatric conditions, body weight, clinical and functional variables, as well as change scores on standard efficacy and tolerability measures during the first two weeks of treatment. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to identify the best predictors of switching from the initially assigned antipsychotic medication. About one-third of patients (29.5%, 191/648) switched antipsychotics before the end of the one-year study. There were six variables identified as the best predictors of switching: lack of antipsychotic use in the prior year, pre-existing depression, female gender, lack of substance use disorder, worsening of akathisia (as measured by the Barnes Akathisia Scale), and worsening of symptoms of depression/anxiety (subscale score on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale) during the first two weeks of antipsychotic therapy. Switching antipsychotics appears to be prevalent in the naturalistic treatment of schizophrenia and can be predicted by a small and distinct set of variables. Interestingly, worsening of anxiety and depressive symptoms and of akathisia following two weeks of treatment were among the more robust predictors of subsequent switching of antipsychotics.BMC Psychiatry 09/2010; 10:75. DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-10-75 · 2.24 Impact Factor