Anti-Müllerian hormone substance from follicular fluid is positively associated with success in oocyte fertilization during in vitro fertilization.
ABSTRACT To determine whether the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level in follicular fluid is associated with success in oocyte fertilization during in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles.
Tokyo Medical University hospital.
Thirty-one women undergoing IVF cycles.
The women were divided into two groups according to the success or failure of fertilization. Follicular fluid samples were obtained from a single follicle in each patient.
Assessment of values for AMH, inhibin B, and estradiol from follicular fluid and serum on the day of oocyte retrieval during IVF treatment.
The follicular fluid AMH levels from fertilized patients (group 1) were 3.42 times higher than from nonfertilized (group 2). There was no correlation between the ratio of the high quality grade embryos and either serum AMH or inhibin B levels. There was no statistically significant correlation between serum AMH and the number of oocytes. However, there was a strong correlation between levels of serum estradiol, inhibin B, and the number of oocytes.
Oocytes are more likely to be fertilized when follicles are able to make high concentrations of AMH in the follicular fluid. Thus, AMH could be a prediction marker for fertilization.
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ABSTRACT: Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is thought to reflect the growth of follicles and the ovarian function. However, the role of AMH in culture medium during in vitro maturation (IVM) on oocyte quality and subsequent development potential is unclear. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of recombinant human AMH (rh-AMH) supplemented into IVM medium on oocyte quality. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were obtained from ICR mice and cultured in vitro with the different concentrations (0-1,000 ng/ml) of rh-AMH. Following 16-18 h of culture, quantitative PCR and ELISA were performed to analyze GDF9 and BMP15 mRNA expression and protein production from the oocytes. Subsequently, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and early embryonic development were employed to further evaluate the quality of in vitro matured oocytes. The results showed that AMH was only expressed in cumulus cells but not in the oocytes. However, AMH most specific receptor, AMHR-II, was expressed in both oocytes and cumulus cells. The levels of GDF9 and BMP15 expression and blastocyst formation rate were significantly increased (p<0.05) when the IVM medium was supplemented with 100 ng/ml of rh-AMH. With AdH1-SiRNA/AMH for knocking down of AMH expression during IVM significantly reduced (p<0.05) the levels of GDF9 and BMP15 expression and blastocysts formation rate. These results suggest that AHM improves oocytes quality by up-regulating GDF9 and BMP15 expressions during IVM.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e99393. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This prospective study investigated the relationship between anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level in the follicular fluid (FF) and the quality of the oocyte and embryo. A total of 65 FF samples from 54 women were included in this study. FF was collected from the largest preovulatory follicle sized≥20 mm of mean diameter from each ovary. Samples were divided into 3 groups according to the FF AMH levels: below the 33th percentile (low group, FF AMH<2.1 ng/mL, n=21), between the 33th and the 67th percentile (intermediate group, FF AMH=2.1-3.6 ng/mL, n=22), and above the 67th percentile (high group, FF AMH>3.6 ng/mL, n=22). The quality of the ensuing oocytes and embryos was evaluated by fertilization rate and embryo score. FF AMH levels correlated positively with the matched embryo score on day 3 after fertilization (r=0.331, P=0.015). The normal fertilization rate was significantly lower in the low group than in the intermediate group (61.9% vs. 95.5% vs. 77.3%, respectively, P=0.028). Our results suggest that the FF AMH level could be a predictor of the ensuing oocyte and embryo quality.Journal of Korean Medical Science 09/2014; 29(9):1266-70. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to correlate anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in follicular fluid (FF) with oocyte maturity stages, morphological quality of metaphase II (MII) oocyte and fertilization capacity of MII oocytes.Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 09/2014; · 1.33 Impact Factor