Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of AI-850, a novel microparticle hydrophobic drug delivery system for paclitaxel.
ABSTRACT AI-850, paclitaxel in a novel polyoxyethylated castor oil-free hydrophobic microparticle delivery system, is being developed based on its favorable preclinical safety and antitumor activity profiles. The objectives of the study were to assess the feasibility and safety of administering AI-850 as a <30-min i.v. infusion without premedication every 3 weeks, determine the maximum tolerated dose and the phase II recommended dose of AI-850, study the pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel in this new formulation, and seek evidence of anticancer activity.
This was an open-label phase I dose escalation study of AI-850 in patients with advanced solid malignancies. AI-850 doses were escalated according to a modified Fibonacci scheme. Clinical and laboratory toxicity was monitored, and paclitaxel plasma concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Twenty-two patients received 56 courses of AI-850 at five dose cohorts ranging from 36 to 250 mg/m(2). Grade 4 neutropenia, either exceeding 5 days or complicated by fever, was dose limiting in two of six patients at 250 mg/m(2) AI-850. Three patients experienced grade 2 to 4 infusion-related adverse reactions. Toxicities, including fatigue, alopecia, nausea and vomiting, neuropathy, anorexia, and myalgia, were mild to moderate, reversible, and not dose related. Pharmacokinetics of free and total paclitaxel showed biexponential plasma decay and dose proportionality for maximum plasma paclitaxel concentration and area under the concentration versus time curve. Antitumor activity was documented in two patients with endometrial and tongue carcinomas.
The administration of AI-850 as a brief infusion once every 3 weeks was feasible at doses up to 205 mg/m(2). The potential of AI-850 as an alternative to other approved paclitaxel formulations requires further clinical evaluation.
SourceAvailable from: Weishuo Fang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lx2-32c is a novel taxane that has been demonstrated to have robust antitumor activity against different types of tumors including several paclitaxel-resistant neoplasms. Since the delivery vehicles for taxane, which include cremophor EL, are all associated with severe toxic effects, liposome-based Lx2-32c has been developed. In the present study, the pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, antitumor efficacy and safety characteristics of liposome-based Lx2-32c were explored and compared with those of cremophor-based Lx2-32c. The results showed that liposome-based Lx2-32c displayed similar antitumor effects to cremophor-based Lx2-32c, but with significantly lower bone marrow toxicity and cardiotoxicity, especially with regard to the low ratio of hypersensitivity reaction. In comparing these two delivery modalities, targeting was superior using the Lx2-32c liposome formulation; it achieved significantly higher uptake in tumor than in bone marrow and heart. Our data thus suggested that the Lx2-32c liposome was a novel alternative formulation with comparable antitumor efficacy and a superior safety profiles to cremophor-based Lx2-32c, which might be related to the improved pharmacokinetic and biodistribution characteristics. In conclusion, the Lx2-32c liposome could be a promising alternative formulation for further development.PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e114688. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114688 · 3.53 Impact Factor
Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition) 06/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Pharmaceuticals in conjunction with nanoparticle delivery systems are growing towards new heights. The aim of this review is to gain a thorough understanding of different types and characteristics of nanoparticle based delivery systems, important properties of delivery systems, pharmaceutical ingredient loading and release in the nanoparticle delivery systems. In this review, we have also highlighted about the promising pharmaceutical deliveries like brain targeted delivery, ocular delivery, oral delivery, dermal and transdermal delivery, cancer chemotherapy, vaccine delivery, nucleic acids delivery and delivery system coupling to implants. A snapshot of the nanoparticle mediated drug deliveries which are commercially available and ongoing clinical trials have been provided.Frontiers in Bioscience 01/2013; 18:1030-50. · 4.25 Impact Factor