Electroacupuncture combined with clomipramine enhances antidepressant effect in rodents.
ABSTRACT The present study was designed to evaluate the antidepressant effect of electroacupuncture (EA) and the potential additive or synergistic effects of EA and clomipramine (CLO, a tricyclic antidepressant) in the mouse forced swimming test (FST) and chronic mild stress (CMS) induced depression-model rats. The FST is an antidepressant screening procedure performed initially to observe the immediate effects of EA and/or CLO on the immobility time. CLO (2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 60mg/kg intraperitoneally) were administered at 23, 6 and 1h respectively prior to each test. EA was given at the 'Bai-Hui' (Du 20) and unilateral 'An-Mian' (EX 17) acupoints 1h before each test. Immobility time was significantly reduced by EA and CLO at 2.5, 5, 10, 20 or 60mg/kg, respectively. EA combined with 2.5mg/kg CLO exhibited additive effects on the immobility time. In addition, rats were exposed chronically (1st-11th week) to a variety of mild unpredictable stressors. Depressed mood and anhedonia were recognized as a decrease in sucrose intake in the CMS rats. CLO at 2.5, 5mg/kg and EA at the same acupoints and parameters were administrated on the CMS rats once every other day for 6 weeks (5th-11th week). The intake of 1% sucrose solution was reduced by CMS, which was restored to normal level after 6 weeks treatment with 5mg/kg CLO or EA combined with 2.5mg/kg CLO. However, neither the sucrose intake nor the sucrose preference in the depressive rats was significantly changed by the treatment with EA or 2.5mg/kg CLO alone. These results demonstrated that EA combined with CLO at low doses has an additive or synergistic antidepressant action, and this combination may provide an effective strategy for depression management.
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- "Recently, evidence from clinical and experimental studies have indicated that acupuncture may alleviate the symptoms of depression   . However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. "
ABSTRACT: Adenylyl cyclase (AC)-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) cascade is considered to be associated with the pathogenesis and treatment of depression. The present study was conducted to explore the role of the cAMP cascade in antidepressant action of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment for chronic mild stress (CMS)-induced depression model rats. The results showed that EA improved significantly behavior symptoms in depression and dysfunction of AC-cAMP-PKA signal transduction pathway induced by CMS, which was as effective as fluoxetine. Moreover, the antidepressant effects of EA rather than Fluoxetine were completely abolished by H89, a specific PKA inhibitor. Consequently, EA has a significant antidepressant treatment in CMS-induced depression model rats, and AC-cAMP-PKA signal transduction pathway is crucial for it.Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 05/2012; 2012:932414. DOI:10.1155/2012/932414 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, Chinese neuropharmacologists have done a lot of basic and practical work in neuropharmacology, especially in the fields of pain, drug dependence, depression, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, having obtained some exciting results that are of great significance for the development of neuropharmacology. Here I would like to review recent progress in the research fields of neuropharmacology in China.Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 03/2008; 28(2):185-204. DOI:10.1007/s10571-007-9252-z · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although conditioned inhibition of fear (or learned safety) is a learning process critical for preventing chronic stress, a predisposing factor for depression and other psychopathologies, little is known about its functional purposes or molecular mechanisms. To obtain better insight into learned safety, we investigated its behavioral and molecular characteristics and found that it acts as a behavioral antidepressant in two animal models. Learned safety promotes the survival of newborn cells in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, while its antidepressant effect is abolished in mice with ablated hippocampal neurogenesis. Learned safety also increases the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus and leads to downregulation of genes involved in the dopaminergic and neuropeptidergic but not the serotonergic system in the basolateral amygdala. These data suggest that learned safety is an animal model of a behavioral antidepressant that shares some neuronal hallmarks of pharmacological antidepressants but is mediated by different molecular pathways.Neuron 11/2008; 60(1):149-61. DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.07.041 · 15.98 Impact Factor