Phase II trial of carboplatin and paclitaxel in non-small cell lung cancer patients previously treated with chemotherapy

Division of Thoracic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital East, 6-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8577, Japan.
Lung Cancer (Impact Factor: 3.96). 11/2007; 58(1):73-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2007.04.015
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this phase II trial was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of carboplatin plus paclitaxel in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with chemotherapy. Patients with a performance status (PS) of 0 or 1 who had received one or two previous chemotherapy regimens for advanced NSCLC were eligible. Paclitaxel 200mg/m(2) was infused over 3h and followed by carboplatin (area under the curve 6) infusion over 1h, once every 3 weeks. Thirty patients were enrolled. A complete response was observed in 1 patient and a partial response in 10 patients, for an overall response rate of 36.7%. The median time to progression was 5.3 months. The median survival time was 9.9 months, and the 1-year survival rate was 47%. Hematological toxicity in the form of grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in 54%, but grade 3 febrile neutropenia developed in only 3%. Non-hematological grade 3 toxicities were less frequent. There were no treatment-related deaths. The combination of carboplatin plus paclitaxel is an active and well-tolerated regimen for the treatment of NSCLC patients who have previously been treated with chemotherapy and have a good PS.

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